400 murders a day: 10 reasons why Latin America is the world's most violent place
- Outside of active war zones, Latin America is the world's most violent region, despite some variations among countries there.
- No single thing explains why there's so much bloodshed, but there are several factors common throughout the region.
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The regional homicide rate has increased 3.7% annually over the past decade - three times the population growth rate of 1.1%."It's a heterogeneous region," Robert Muggah, research director at Brazil's Igarapé Institute and an expert on crime and crime prevention, told Business Insider this spring. "There's huge variations in terms of homicides, from Chile through to Mexico and Venezuela and Brazil."
Chile's 2.7 homicides per 100,000 people in 2018 were about half the US's 5.3 - Mexico and Brazil's 25 per 100,000 and Venezuela's 80 were many times more."There isn't one monolithic factor" that explains this killing, Muggah said. "I think that's sort of obvious, but it's important to say.""But there are what we call invariant factors - factors that seem to correlate with homicide across time and space - and there are a few of them."
Unemployment, especially among young men.
Low-quality education and poor school retention.
Condoning violence to solve disputes.
Murder, informality, and weak states.
The proliferation of organized criminal groups.
The drug trade.
Guns and alcohol.
The most violent region in the world.
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