China is preparing for a trillion-dollar autonomous-driving revolution
- China is eager to develop smart cities to cater to an autonomous-driving revolution.
- Nearly 300 Chinese regions and have already introduced projects for "smart cities" controlled by artificial intelligence that can be optimized for autonomous transportation.
- In addition to autonomous driving, ride-sharing and ride-hailing services are projected to generate a collective $1 trillion in revenue by 2040.
China has begun preparing programs and cities for an autonomous driving revolution expected to generate $1 trillion in revenue globally, the South China Morning Post reported.
Nearly 300 Chinese cities and regions, including Xinjiang and Nanjing, and have already introduced "smart-city" projects controlled by artificial intelligence technology to enhance daily life, SCMP said.Smart cities use cloud-based technology to integrate across several industries, including transportation, health care and public security, according to government-owned China Daily.
Ninety-three of the smart city projects are focused on transportation, according to SCMP, and could potentially use its connected infrastructure to build the number of driverless cars and shared-driving models on the road.
In addition to driverless cars, increased usage of ride-sharing and ride-hailing services are projected to generate $1 trillion in revenue for suppliers globally by 2040, latest industry figures indicate, according to SCMP.
China, the world's largest market for electric cars, has sought to position itself to spearhead the future of autonomous driving.
"The combined impact of mobility services, driverless technologies, electric cars and government policies [promoting them] will propel a national transformation in personal mobility," said IHS Markit executive Jim Burkhard.
According to CNBC, China is poised to set up an autonomous-driving market faster than other countries due to its ability to make regulatory decisions quickly. Michael Dunne, president at US-based Dunne Automotive, told CNBC: "The Chinese government can, and will, facilitate autonomous driving sooner than we will in the United States," Dunne said.In June, Shanghai opened the country's first intelligent vehicle pilot zone, where its trialed about 200 vehicles across nine miles (15 kilometers) of test roads in a closed zone at Shanghai's international automobile city, the government said in a statement.
The test zone uses cameras, communication bases, and radar systems to help intelligent vehicles drive in nearly 30 simulated environments.
Shanghai is expected to build an intelligent-vehicle network covering about 62 miles (100 square kilometers) by 2020, the government said, adding that Shanghai will explore the possibility of connecting to major transportation junctions within the city.
In September, Chinese search giant Baidu announced a $1.52 billion (10 billion yuan) autonomous-driving initiative called the "Apollo Fund" as part of a broader plan to spread technological advancement of autonomous vehicles.
The Apollo Fund will invest in 100 autonomous driving projects over the next three years, Baidu said in a statement.