FORGET BITCOIN: There's an $8 trillion bubble in global markets waiting to pop
It's all the government and corporate bonds that still have negative yields eight years after the financial crisis, according to Torsten Slok, the chief international economist at Deutsche Bank.
This is not normal, and is a legacy of the amount of stimulus that global central banks had to pump into their economies after the recession, partly by buying massive amounts of government bonds. Investors, meanwhile, bought these bonds for their perceived safety, and because some institutions like banks were required to.All this demand raised the bonds' prices, pushing their yields below zero in Japan and some parts of Europe.
"These $8trn in negative yielding assets have forced investors around the world into all kinds of other asset classes such as IG credit, loans, mortgages, HY bonds, equities, and even emerging markets fixed income and equities," Slok said in a note on Friday.
The Federal Reserve is now trying to unwind the $4.5 trillion balance sheet it stoked after the recession by gradually ceasing reinvestments of its fixed-income assets as they mature. But this won't help pop the bubble. " The real test will be when the red area in the chart below turns black," Slok said.
And that could be negative for riskier assets like equities.
"The fear is that when the risk-free interest rate goes higher then credit spreads will widen and equities underperform as investors leave risky assets and come home to higher-yielding government bonds," Slok added. "In finance terms, if the risk-free rate goes higher why should I then be buying risky assets?"
But the Fed will have a role to play in reducing the share of government bonds that yield negative. If inflation begins to rise in the US, Slok said, the Fed would be inclined to raise rates faster, and that would mean higher rates in Europe and Japan.Investors, however, aren't counting on rising inflation, judging by the magnitude of their investments in negative-yielding bonds. "The bottom line is that the central bank exit has barely started and once inflation does start to move higher then checking out from Hotel Easy Money will be a lot more difficult than checking in," Slok said.