India's second moon mission Chandrayaan 2 that will cost ₹10 billion will break new records


  • India's upcoming mission to Moon, Chandrayaan 2, is the the country's biggest space project yet costing ₹10 billion.
  • Chandrayaan-2 is India's second lunar visit but it still marks a lot of firsts for the country and the global community, like being the first country to make a soft landing on the Moon's South Pole.
  • It will also be the first time that a country will be exploring the Moon's potential for water.
India’s upcoming lunar mission, Chandrayaan 2, might be India’s second trip to the Moon but it will be charting into previously unknown territory on this voyage. It is going to be the first time that any country, not just India, will be landing on the Moon’s South Pole.

This India’s biggest project till date costing the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) nearly ₹10 billion and will mark many ‘firsts’ for the country’s apex space agency.

India’s second lunar mission will be carrying 14 payloads abroad its 3 modules — the orbiter, the lander called Vikram and Pragyan, the rover.

Together, the spacecraft will have a mass of 3.8 tonnes.

Having discovered water the first time around on the Chandrayaan 1 mission, a lot of the payloads on Chandrayaan 2 want to take that discovery to the next level by finding out where the water is actually located and how much of it is present on the moon.

Here are all the reasons why Chandrayaan-2 is a landmark mission for India:

1. Soft landing

The last time around, during Chandrayaan-1, ISRO attempted a crash landing on the Moon. But, this time around it is choosing to opt for a soft landing, making it one of the most challenging tasks that ISRO at undertaken till date.

ISRO personnel work on the orbiter vehicle of Chandrayaan-2BCCL

2. Women power

The Chandrayaan-2 mission is also the first time that an ISRO mission is being led by two women — the project director, M Vanitha and the mission director, Ritu Karidhal. Vanitha was recommended to the position for her problem solving skills as well as her deft handling of the team. Karidhal, on the other hand, has already proved her competence as a member of India’s Mars mission.

After many delays, India’s second lunar mission — Chandrayaan-2 — is set to take off from the Sriharikota launch pad on July 15 at 2:51am. But, just because India’s been to the Moon before doesn’t mean that the new mission isn’t a big deal.

3. Covering the Moon in India’s Asoka Chakra

Pragyaan, the rover that will roam the surface of the Moon, is gonna tag the entire Moon with India’s Ashoka Chakra and the ISRO’s logo. As its wheels move across the lunar surface will imprint the move for a total of 500cms — the total distance that the rover can travel during the course of the mission.

ISRO personnel work on the orbiter vehicle of Chandrayaan-2BCCL

4. Water on the Moon

The Chandrayaan 2 mission is also India’s chance to study water on the Moon, first discovered during the Chandrayaan 1 mission. This will be a first for the for the global scientific community and could provide solutions for sustaining human missions to the Moon like the one NASA has planned for 2024 called Artemis.

See also:
India’s second mission to the moon will use these 14 high-tech instruments to look for water

Chandrayaan 2 will give India bragging rights even if it doesn’t find water

India’s second lunar mission pegged to launch in July
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