The stock market is in a bubble - just not the kind we're used to seeing
- Grantham Mayo Van Otterloo cross-asset strategist James Montier argues the stock market is in a bubble, but not the type that's normally seen.
- Montier says bubbles can form even without the extreme emotions that have historically characterized them.
Conventional market wisdom suggests in order for an asset to swell into bubble territory, investors have to be overconfident to the point of euphoria.
That very idea has led equity bull market defenders to argue the absence of such sentiment means we're not in a bubble right now, despite historically stretched valuations. If conditions aren't overheated, the logic goes, then we can't possibly be in one.James Montier, a cross-asset strategist at Grantham Mayo Van Otterloo (GMO), is here to throw water on that assertion. He argues the stock market is very much in a bubble - just not one that meets the traditional definition. He calls it a " cynical bubble ."
"Fund managers for the most part all agree that the US market is expensive but still they choose to own equities," Montier wrote in a client note. It's "a cynical career-risk-driven position if there ever was one."
His assertion is backed up by the chart below, which cites a recent Bank of America Merrill Lynch fund manager survey. It shows that fund managers are simultaneously fully invested and wary of an overvalued stock market.
Montier argues that a "cynical bubble" stands apart from three other types, which include:
- The canonical bubble of bubble - This is marked by "mania" driven by people truly believing that "this time is different," and that a new era has begun.
- The intrinsic bubble - In this case, fundamentals are the source of the bubble, and lead people to take on excess risk.
- The informational bubble - This is when "people stop acting on their own private information and start acting on the revealed information of others."
You may still be wondering how can a bubble truly exist without the type of optimism that can blind investors to potential downside. In order to address this, Montier highlights the chart below, which shows asset bubbles can be created in the absence of extreme positive emotion.
One caveat, however, as indicated by the chart, is that a bubble can never reach "monster" status without overextended excitement. But Montier argues that a "run-of-the-mill" bubble is still possible.
So what should you do? Montier doesn't claim to know, but he personally is exhibiting caution.
"Perhaps you are skilled at picking the managers with great timing ability, and perhaps those managers do have great timing ability - in which case, good luck," he wrote. "As for me, I prefer to leave the party
early, in the knowledge that I can walk away with ease."