Voice search has created a huge vulnerability at the heart of Google's business
The screen shrunk, but it remained the medium through which we interact with computers.
For Google, that meant its core online advertising business - visible search ads on a web page - remained intact, and stayed lucrative.Today, Google may be at the beginning of a new shift - one toward artificially intelligent virtual assistants - where we use our voice to interact with technology, instead of our eyes.
The problem with voice assistants is they do not have a screen on which to display ads.
And analysts have noticed. On the last earnings call for Alphabet, Google's parent company, analysts repeatedly asked CEO Sundar Pichai whether voice searches would be harder for the company to monetise with ads. Pichai did not have a specific answer, although he reassured investors that he believed the new medium would expand Google's business.
Virtual assistants, basically voice-activated mini computers, are becoming more intelligent and increasingly accessible. A spokesperson for Google told Business Insider that its mobile voice searches tripled between 2014 and 2015.
Amazon's Alexa, Apple's Siri, Microsoft's Cortana, and Google's "OK Google" Assistant are competing to become the most intelligent digital-helpers in the virtual assistant race.
The hardware surrounding this technology is expanding too - Amazon and Google have each released a mini-wifi speaker for the home. You can tell the Amazon Echo or Google Home to play music, look up recipe ideas, find local restaurants, and a variety of other conversational tasks.The side effect of all this is that in the short-term the available real-estate for ads will shrink. You could insert sponsored suggestions into a voice-search assistant's answers, but it would never offer as many ads as a Google search results page.
That's a side effect that analysts want to know more about.
Brian Nowak, Morgan Stanley's internet analyst, asked Pichai on the earnings call to talk about what the company might need to put in place to "monetize search in a voice world as well as you do in a phone or desktop world."
Pichai responded without directly answering the question, he said: "we are in very early days," that one team "talked about" ways to integrate third parties, and "I think we will evolve it a lot in the coming years."
Peter Stabler, a senior research analyst at Wells Fargo, asked Pichai if voice queries are "much more skewed to less commercial activity"?
Pichai responded by saying that, instead of replacing search on desktop and mobile, voice search provides an additional way for users to interact with Google. "The sum total of all of this, it expanded the pie," he said.
While it might indeed expand the pie, history shows that legacy media businesses are often vulnerable to new media tech.The newspaper business has struggled to adapt to the internet. Many newspapers have closed. And entirely new digital news organisations have flourished in a business once dominated by a paper product. Similarly, the television business is fighting a fierce regard action against video-on-demand over the internet.
From that perspective, screen-based search starts to look like a legacy media business and voice-based search is a vast, open arena with no dominant players. That is exactly the kind of market that new tech startups seek to disrupt.
Google, of course, has a track record of solving complex problems, and monetizing products. Four years ago there were worries it might stumble on the transition from desktop search to mobile search. In 2012, the company actually warned that mobile was hurting revenue growth. Since then, of course, Google has gone from strength to strength and it remains the dominant search provider on mobile screens.
Google is no doubt thinking about these issues already, and developing plans to enhance its dominance. But until those plans are unveiled, these are the three questions analysts would really like Pichai to answer:
- How big a slice of consumers' internet time will voice search take?
- Will that slice be big enough to significantly reduce the number of searches done on mobile and desktop screens?
- And how easy is it to generate revenue from voice assistants?
Disclosure: This author used to be an employee at Google and currently owns Alphabet stock.