A 13-year-old won $25,000 for a solar panel invention that can locate the sun at any time
- Each year, hundreds of middle school students compete in the national Broadcom MASTERS competition.
- This year's winner, 13-year-old Georgia Hutchinson, invented a solar energy system that can figure out the sun's location at any time.
- Hutchinson received $25,000 for her device and is currently working on patenting the invention.
- She told Business Insider she hopes the invention will provide an economic incentive for people to invest in solar energy.
A 13-year-old scientist from California has won $25,000 for inventing a solar panel system that can determine where the sun is at any given time.
Georgia Hutchinson, who is from Woodside, California, took the top prize at the Broadcom MASTERS, a nationwide STEM competition for middle school students. She placed first in a pool of 30 finalists who received a total of $100,000 in prize money.
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Hutchinson's invention - which she calls a data-driven dual axis solar tracker - relies on publicly available data from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration to track the sun and make solar panels more efficient. Instead of using costly sensors, the invention uses a computer program to figure out the sun's location and tilt solar panels for optimal power production.
By helping solar panels produce more energy, Hutchinson said she hopes the invention will provide an economic incentive for people to invest in solar power. Focusing on renewable resources to reduce our carbon footprint is crucial if we want to avoid extreme weather conditions, she said.
Near Hutchinson's home in the San Francisco Bay area, those kinds of weather conditions have already led to disaster. In early November, Northern California was hit by the most devastating fire in state history, which killed at least 85 people.
"The smoke was so bad that thousands of schools all over the state had to be closed down because of the smoke," Hutchinson told Business Insider. "We're seeing right now the effects of climate change, and the data-driven dual axis solar tracker I built is designed to make solar energy more economical."
Hutchinson said she is working with a lawyer to get her invention patented, adding she will use the prize money for her education.
Maya Ajmera, the president and CEO of the Society for Science and the Public, told Business Insider that only 10% of the nearly 80,000 students who present at science fairs are nominated to compete in Broadcom MASTERS. This year, a group of judges chose the top 300 contestants from a pool of 2,500 students who applied, after which another judging panel narrowed the entries down to 30.
Hutchinson's project stood out because it used publicly available data and was very accurate, Ajmera said. During a test of the device, the amount of electricity generated was within 5% of what Hutchinson's computer model predicted.
Ajmera added that the Society for Science and the Public supports this middle school competition because the contest targets students during the most impressionable time in their lives.
"We think that this is the time if we can capture kids' excitement about STEM, that that is going to pay huge dividends in the future," Ajmera said.
After presenting her project at local and state science fairs, Hutchinson traveled to Washington, DC for the final round of the competition.
"Knowing that people I met at Broadcom MASTERS will be influencing society in the future is really comforting to me," Hutchinson said. "I was really inspired by everybody's passion, and everybody who was wanting to change the world for good and wanting to use STEM for that, regardless of where they came from."
At home, Hutchinson often finds herself being the only girl in coding classes and other STEM activities, but the DC trip was a chance to spend time with about a dozen other girls who are passionate about STEM.
Hutchinson said she is pushing to make that more common. After joining a computer science elective in elementary school as the only girl, Hutchinson created a chapter of the nonprofit Girls Who Code to get more of her peers interested in STEM.
Since then, she has also launched a lunchtime design club, where she works with fourth- and fifth-grade girls on various projects such as designing a hydraulic claw.
"I really want to show people that STEM isn't just for boys, and that girls can do STEM too," Hutchinson said.