Cookies on the Business Insider India website

Business Insider India has updated its Privacy and Cookie policy. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the better experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we\'ll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies on the Business Insider India website. However, you can change your cookie setting at any time by clicking on our Cookie Policy at any time. You can also see our Privacy Policy.


Amazon fires created a smoke eclipse in the skies above Brazil's largest city, 2,000 miles away

Aug 22, 2019, 23:28 IST

In this photo from August 19, 2019 you can see the darkened sky in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Residents of this metropolis of millions recently reported black rain.Andre Lucas/Getty

Starting around 3:00 p.m. local time on Monday, the skies above Brazil's largest city went dark. 

The sun in São Paulo had been eclipsed not by the moon, but by a vast cloud of smoke that choked the coastal city.

The duvet of daytime darkness was a result of the nearly 10,000 new forest fires that started across Brazil, primarily in the Amazon basin, in the past week. Many of the blazes are more than 2,000 miles away from São Paulo, but strong winds and a mass of cold air moved the grey plume of smoke across the country.

This year so far, scientists have recorded more than 74,000 fires in Brazil. That's nearly double 2018's total of about 40,000 fires. The surge marks an 83% increase in wildfires over the same period in 2018, Brazil's National Institute for Space Research reported. The largest state in Brazil, Amazonas, declared a state of emergency on Monday.


Read More: The Amazon is burning at a rate not seen since we started keeping track. The smoke is reaching cities 2,000 miles away. 

Already, 2019 has the highest number of fires observed in Brazil in a single year since researchers began keeping track in 2013 - and there are still four months to go.

Smoke billows during a fire in an area of the Amazon rainforest near Humaita, Amazonas State, Brazil on August 17, 2019.Ueslei Marcelino/Reuters

'It just kept getting darker and darker'

The smoke plumes from the fires raging in the Amazon initially spread from the state of Amazonas to the nearby states of Pará and Mato Grosso. Then, pushed by weather, the smoke clouds converged and drifted towards the Atlantic coast, arriving in São Paulo on Monday afternoon.

"I thought we were about to get hit with a heavy storm, but instead of raining it just kept getting darker and darker," Marcus Mendes, a Sao Paulo resident who videoed the event, told AccuWeather.


In this August 19, 2019 photo, you can see the darkened sky above Sao Paulo, Brazil due to a smoke cloud from forest fires in the Amazon thousands of miles away.Andre Lucas/Getty

The video that Mendes shared with Accuweather showed various parts of São Paulo under the cover of darkness. After about 40 minutes, Mendes said, rain started falling and light started filtering through the gloom.

"When I posted the video online, people asked me if there had been an eclipse," he added. 

Other people in São Paulo took to social media to share their photos of the skies.



One tweet from Beyond the Shadows, a democracy advocacy group in Brazil, showed cars stuck in city traffic with their headlights on. It looked like it could be 9:00 p.m. in the evening, but the image was posted at 3:37 p.m.


Climatempo, a local news outlet, reported that winds pushed the smoke plumes to the southeast. The smoke then joined an existing band of fog and low-lying clouds that a mass of cold air had suspended above São Paulo.

1.2 million square miles of smoke

In total, the blazes in the Brazilian Amazon have created a layer of smoke estimated to be 1.2 million square miles wide. This image from the European Union's Copernicus Satellite shows the smoke slicing north to south through the rest of the country like a knife.



This isn't the first time the Amazon has experienced thousands of fires simultaneously. Typically, the dry season in the rainforest runs from July to October, during which blazes can spark from natural sources like lightning. But summer is also the time of year when Brazilian farmers and loggers purposefully set fires to clear swaths of trees for industrial or agricultural use.

This year, however, warmer temperatures and drier conditions - due, in part, to climate change - have allowed both deliberate burns and blazes that crop up naturally to grow bigger than they otherwise might have.

"There are always fires this time of the year," Santiago Gassó, a NASA researcher, told news outlet UOL Noticias. "But the smoke corridor doesn't form every year."

NOW WATCH: These designs in the Amazon rainforest were created 2,000 years ago - and archaeologists are still baffled by them

Next Article