India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi may just have signalled a big allocation for defence equipment manufacturing, 3 days before the budget
- PM Narendra Modi while addressing the NCC Rally at Cariappa Ground in Delhi today said India would soon be known as a producer of defence equipment.
- India is the second largest importer of defence equipment and the government has been keen on cutting back.
- Speaking to Business Insider, experts said that India’s efforts have been slow but steady, and the private sector must not try to replicate existing technologies but work on stuff that will be relevant in the future.
It is one of the expectations from the budget to be presented by Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman on February 1. While the actual expenditure on defence has nearly doubled, its share of gross domestic product (GDP) has remained largely unchanged.
But with tensions flaring along the India-China border and the ambitious revenue target of ₹1,750 billion in the Draft Defence Production & Export Promotion Policy (DPEPP-2020), it is likely to be better this time.
The intent of the draft is to become self-reliant with a clear focus on doubling the share of procurement from the domestic industry to ₹1,400 billion by FY25 with a clear focus on doubling the share of procurement from the domestic industry.
In the last couple of years, India’s export of defence equipment has doubled to ₹100 billion. And, the government also has ambitious plans to increase defence exports to ₹350 billion by FY25, which assures that something is definitely on the cards.
Experts say, the government’s efforts to boost domestic manufacturing of defence equipment by private companies has two problems:
- While some progress has been made by companies like Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders, HAL and Larsen and Toubro, most such projects have been marred by delays.
- As Lieutenant General PJS Pannu, the former deputy chief of Integrated Defence Staff, explained on Business Insider, there is a lack of innovation and that private players should not try to replicate existing technologies and instead innovate alongside the advanced military powers of the world.
Sameer Patil, a security analyst at Gateway House India in an exclusive conversation with Business Insider, said, “ I think in the last 10 years based on India’s modernized military modernization, we have made a decent effort, at least in terms of making sure that much of these position actually happens through domestic production tear involving the at least the defence, public sector units, and to some extent the private sector units.”
|Name of the equipment||Maker|
|Scorpène class submarine||Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders|
#BudgetInsider | @Iyer_Sriram in conversation with @GatewayHouseIND's @sameerpatilIND and Lt General PJS Pannu on w… https://t.co/PIe7wFGeP2— Business Insider India (@BiIndia) 1611751284000
Domestic defence manufacturing has a huge potential
India’s defence manufacturing industry is estimated to be worth $800 billion, with the public sector accounting for the lion’s share. This year, with the implementation of Atma Nirbhar Bharat proposals and increasing border tensions, defence upgradation is likely to be prioritised, and the private sector may get a bigger piece of the pie, especially at home.
And, by creating a list of arms and ammunition that can’t be imported, the government has become local companies an opportunity to chip and fill the void. The foreign direct investment (FDI) limit in the defence sector has also been increased from 49% to 74% under the automatic route.
AdvertisementLieutenant general PJS Pannu told Business Insider that India should catch up with other countries rather than investing and working on the old ideas. Are you going to produce what the others have produced a few years back, or what you’re going to innovate is something ahead of time which others don’t have? You can keep going on a loop where if somebody was making an investment about 20 years back and now from there you’re getting an idea, and you’re saying OK. If something was produced about 20 years back now let me catch up and start making the same product, he said.
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