Understanding the new 5+3+3+4 education model in India and what it changes in the education system
- The government scrapped the traditional 10+2 model of education and has introduced a new 5+3+3+4 mode.
- The 5+3+3+4 model of education will also include pre-school in the foundation stage — which was earlier considered a part of informal education.
- Moreover, the new model of education will focus more on providing vocational education and imparting the knowledge of core subjects.
- Even though the new model will have structural changes, the number of years a student spends to study in school remains the same.
With it, the government scrapped the traditional 10+2 model of education and introduced a new 5+3+3+4 model.
Understanding the 5+3+3+4 model
As per the new policy, the 10+2 structure of school curricula is to be replaced with a 5+3+3+4 curricular structure corresponding to age groups 3-8 years, 8-11, 11-14 and 14-18 years respectively.
- Foundation Stage: The first five years will be the foundation stage, including three years of primary education and class 1 and 2. It will also include pre-school in the foundation stage — which was earlier considered a part of informal education.
- Preparatory Stage: The next three years will be the ‘preparatory’ stage. This consists of classes three to five.
- Middle Stage: The next three years — between class six and class eight— will be the ‘middle’ stage.
- Secondary Stage: The last stage will be the ‘secondary’ stage comprising class 9,10,11, and 12.
Difference between old and new academic model
- Number of examinations has been reduced: As compared to eight examinations earlier, the new model will conduct only three examinations for grade 3, 5 and 8.
- Vocational Education: the new model of education will focus more on providing vocational education and imparting the knowledge of core subjects.
- Students to leave with one core skill: The Ministry of Education wants every student to leave for higher education with one core skill. Moreover, the students will also get to learn coding and do internships from class 6 onwards.
- No separation between Arts, Commerce and Science: Another difference between the two models is flexibility in learning subjects from a different stream. For years Indian students, under the 10+2 model, had the choice to study three streams — Arts, Commerce and Science. Under the new model, a student can learn any subject he wants to. For instance, a student can study Biology and Accountancy together.
- Board exams made easier: Board exams are set to become easier. Moreover, students will get a chance to give the
board examtwice in a year to improve their scores.
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