How Amazon gets away with not paying taxes
Amazon pays almost no federal tax, despite being worth over $700 billion. President Trump has criticized the company for this, yet he recently reduced the corporate tax rate, making it even easier for large companies to pay less. Following is a transcript of the video.Steve Kovach: Amazon is the new favorite punching bag for conservatives.
George Bush: Read my lips, no new taxes.Kovach: But attacking Amazon for its tax practices is the new conservative line today. That's mostly because President Trump has been attacking Amazon over and over again about how it pays taxes and he's been at it for years.
Donald Trump: Amazon is getting away with murder tax-wise.Kovach: But believe it or not, in some cases, Trump is right. Amazon's profits in 2017 were about $3 billion and it paid almost no federal taxes.Bob Bryan: Amazon avoids paying federal taxes using a variety of tax credits and tax exemptions that are legal and built into the U.S. federal tax code. Some of these can include the research and development tax credit which allows them to deduct some of the costs of new investments and also a big one for this past year was the ability to deduct stock-based compensation of executives.
Kovach: Amazon does a really good job at avoiding federal taxes, and for most of its existence, it avoided charging you state sales tax, that's because Amazon used to take advantage of the Internet Tax Freedom Act which said online retailers didn't have to charge sales tax. It allowed Amazon and other retailers to sell tons of stuff to you effectively tax-free. By 2017, that all changed, Amazon started charging sales tax in all the states that have it, but it's not that simple, a lot of third-party sellers sell stuff through Amazon as well, and many of them don't charge sales tax.
Bryan: A lot of sites show that there are tens of millions of dollars every year in state sales tax that go uncollected from third-party sellers.Kovach: Meanwhile, Amazon is looking for even more sweet tax deals. You've probably heard of HQ2, the new campus that it's trying to build somewhere in the United States, and cities are tripping over themselves to come up with new incentives to get Amazon to come into their town. New Jersey, for example, is offering $7 billion in tax breaks if Amazon builds its new campus somewhere around Newark, New Jersey. Those aren't the only tax deals Amazon has gotten. From 2005 to 2014, it's gotten over $600 million in tax breaks to build warehouses in certain states. It got another $147 million in tax breaks for building data centers around the country. Keep in mind Amazon is valued at over $700 billion, it's not like the company is struggling to save money. Amazon may be getting a lot of attention right now because of President Trump's attacks, but its tax practices aren't unique. A lot of big companies find ways to pay as little tax as possible.
Bryan: If you look at actually kinda the aggregate of the S&P 500, so the biggest 500 companies in the U.S., even though the old statutory tax rate was 35%, the average tax rate that was being paid last year was around 22%.
Kovach: The irony here, of course, is that even though President Trump loves to blast Amazon for the way it doesn't pay taxes, he's putting new laws that make that easier to happen. He just reduced the corporate tax rate from 35% to 21%, oh and that applies to himself too.Hillary Clinton: He didn't pay any federal income tax, so--
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