How an Air Force pilot landed a damaged A-10 Warthog using just 'cranks and cables' after an Iraq War combat mission
US Air Force
DAVIS-MONTHAN AIR FORCE BASE, Ariz. (AFNS) - Maj. Kim Campbell, an A-10 Thunderbolt II pilot here, shared her story with Women's History Month luncheon guests March 15, 2010, about a mission in which her A-10 was hit by enemy fire over Baghdad.
While deployed in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom, then-Capt. Campbell and her flight lead were flying over downtown Baghdad during a close-air-support mission April 7, 2003.
"We were originally tasked to target some Iraqi tanks and vehicles in the city that were acting as a command post, but on the way to the target area we received a call from the ground forward air controller or FAC, saying they were taking fire and needed immediate assistance."
The FAC ultimately turned out to be a member of the captain's squadron. Once over the target area, they descended below the clouds to positively identify the friendly troops and the enemy's location.
"We could see the Iraqi troops firing RPGs, or rocket propelled grenades, into our guys," she said. "It was definitely a high threat situation, but within minutes my flight lead was employing his 30 mm Gatling gun on the enemy location."
The two-ship formation of A-10s then made several passes over the enemy location, employing 30 mm bullets and high explosive rockets.
"Yes, there was risk involved, but these guys on the ground needed our help," Maj. Campbell said. "It's what any A-10 attack pilot would do in response to a troops-in-contact situation. That's our job; to bring fire down on the enemy when our Army and Marine brothers and sisters request our assistance."
(AP Photo/Russell Boyce, Pool)
After her last rocket pass, the captain was maneuvering off target when she felt and heard a large explosion at the back of the aircraft.
"There was no question in my mind," she said. "I knew I had been hit by enemy fire."
The jet rolled violently left and pointed at Baghdad and it wasn't responding to the captain's control inputs. This is when the pilot's flight training kicked in and she was able to react quickly.
After realizing both of her hydraulics systems were impaired, Maj. Campbell said she had to put the jet into manual reversion, as the back-up system. She said that manual reversion is a system of cranks and cables that allow the pilot to fly the aircraft under mechanical control.
"It was my last chance to try and recover the aircraft or I would be riding a parachute down into central Baghdad," she said.
Luckily, the jet responded and started climbing out and away from Baghdad.
Not wanting to eject over Baghdad, the two-ship maneuvered south to get out of the city. Anti-aircraft artillery fired at the jets from every direction.
"I couldn't do much to keep the jet moving so I was hoping that the theory of 'big sky, little bullet' would work in my favor," she said. "Amazingly we made it out of Baghdad and above the clouds with no further battle damage."
Due to the design of the A-10, Major Campbell said she couldn't see the damage to her jet, even with the use of her cockpit mirrors. Her flight lead flew closely beside her and performed an initial battle-damage check. He told her she had hundreds of small holes in the fuselage and tail section on the right side as well as a football sized hole on the right horizontal stabilizer. She then ran several emergency checklists and knew she had a decision to make.
"I could stay with the jet and try to land it or get to friendly territory and eject," she said.
With several positive factors on her side at that moment, such as the jet responding well and an experienced flight lead on her wing providing support, Maj. Campbell said she was confident she could get the jet back safely to her deployed home at base in Southwest Asia, nearly an hour away by flight.
As she approached the base, the crash recovery team was waiting for her, along with the rescue helicopters in case she had to eject. Fortunately, she was able to safely land the jet and stop it, using the emergency procedure for alternate breaking.
"I was impressed," said Lt. Col. Mike Millen, chief of the 355th Fighter Wing Commander's Action Group and an A-10 pilot. "Kim landed that jet with no hydraulics better than I land the A-10 every day with all systems operational."
During the time of this incident, Lt. Col. Millen was the chief of safety for the 332nd Air Expeditionary Wing.
US Air Force photo
After she landed, Maj. Campbell said her jet became the center of attention, as everyone was eager to see the damage, including her two crew chiefs.
"Both of my crew chiefs did tremendous work on that jet and it performed better than I ever could have expected," Maj. Campbell said. "We put an incredible amount of trust in these guys and they do great work."
As part of her presentation, Maj. Campbell, a 1997 graduate of the US Air Force Academy, showed the luncheon crowd photographs of the jets damage.
"I am incredibly thankful to those who designed and built the A-10 as well as the maintainers who did their part to make sure that jet could fly under any circumstances, even after extensive battle damage," said Maj. Campbell.
The major also explained that the next day she was returned to flying, and in fact supported a search and rescue mission to help find a downed A-10 pilot near Baghdad.
"I never really had time to think about the fact that I was going back to Baghdad where just the day before I had escaped a possible shoot down," she said. "In my mind, the only thing that I could think about was that I had a job to do. I knew that the search and rescue alert crews were there for me the day before and I was going to do the same for this pilot."
Maj. Campbell was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross. This medal is awarded in support of operations by "heroism or extraordinary achievement while participating in an aerial flight."
A year and a half later, Maj. Campbell deployed again, in support of Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan. She has amassed 375 combat hours during her career.
"Major Campbell's story was nothing short of phenomenal," said 2nd Lt. Sandy Spoon, chief of force management operations, 355th Force Support Squadron. "It provided everyone, not just females, a small glimpse of the sheer awesomeness the A-10 provides at the warfront. Major Campbell also drove home the realization that everything we are able to do is because someone else has done his or her job right.
"From a female perspective, I found myself walking away from the presentation extremely empowered, not only from her words, but from her actions amidst extreme adversity," she said. "As a woman, I have always felt I needed to work that much harder to make my mark and it makes me proud to know that if there was ever a mark to be made, Maj. Campbell is living proof."
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