Many countries have also closed borders to prevent international travelers from spreading the virus
In Italy, a nationwide lockdown went into effect on March 10 that restricts virtually all aspects of life for its 60 million citizens, including retail, leisure, worship, imprisonment, and travel.
Denmark enacted a lockdown on March 11. It has now reopened some schools.
El Salvador's president announced an Alerta Naranja — an orange alert — on March 11.
Norway went into a two-week lockdown on March 12, and on March 24 the government decided to extend the lockdown through Easter.
On March 27, Ireland went into a two-week lockdown. It has now been extended to May 5.
Kuwait went into a two-week nation-wide lockdown on March 13. On April 6, it extended the public holiday to April 26 and locked down two regions.
Poland announced it would shutter businesses and prohibit international travel from March 13.
On March 15, Kenya closed schools and blocked non-residents from entering the country, and has closed pubs and restaurants.
Morocco suspended international flights on March 15 and has closed mosques, schools, and restaurants.
France closed nonessential businesses. On March 16 it implemented a full lockdown, banning public gatherings and walks outside. The country will be under strict lockdown until at least May 11.
The Czech Republic closed most shops and restaurants and banned foreign travel starting March 16. Some non-essential stores were allowed to reopen on April 9.
The Malaysian government announced on March 16 that all business operations will be closed except essentials like markets, utilities, broadcasting, banking, and healthcare. The lockdown will now last until at least April 28.
Germany announced a shut down of shops, churches, sports facilities, bars, and clubs in 16 states. On April 2, Merkel extended the lockdown to April 19.
On March 16, the European Union banned non-essential travel into the region for at least 30 days.
Belgium went on lockdown on March 17. The government asked citizens to stay at home and limit contact to their closest family. The lockdown has been extended through May 3.
On March 19, Israel went into partial lockdown — foreigners were already banned from entering the country. On March 25, restrictions tightened further. Several neighborhoods in Jerusalem have gone into lockdown.
Argentina went into a "preventative and compulsory" lockdown on March 21.
Jordan has been under a strict indefinite lockdown since March 21, although the government eased some restrictions on March 25.
China implemented what was then the largest quarantine in human history to try to contain the coronavirus, locking down at least 16 cities at the end of January. The lockdown on Wuhan ended on April 8.
Australia closed non-essential businesses on March 23. On March 31, the most populous state in the country was put into a stricter lockdown.
India went into full coronavirus lockdown on March 24. It has extended restrictions to May 3.
Colombia began a nationwide quarantine on March 24, with people over the age of 70 told to remain indoors until May.
Saudi Arabia locked down its capital and two holy cities on March 25. On March 29, it locked down the city of Jeddah. On April 6, it locked down all major cities.
New Zealand enacted a mandatory 14-day quarantine for all individuals entering the country. The country went on full lockdown on March 25.
South Africa went into a 21-day lockdown on March 26. On April 9, the lockdown was extended through the end of April.
On March 30, Moscow's residents were ordered to stay in their houses and will need passes for their movements.
Thailand began a 10 p.m. to 4 a.m. curfew on April 3. The country is under a state of emergency until at least April 30.
Panama and Peru both implemented measures restricting days citizens could outside by gender.
Dubai went into a two-week lockdown on April 4, while the rest of the United Arab Emirates have been under an overnight curfew since March 26.
Singapore closed schools and all nonessential businesses April 7.
On March 30, Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban gained the power to rule by decree indefinitely and suspended elections.
The UK went into full coronavirus lockdown on March 23.
Spain became the second European country to impose a nationwide quarantine on March 14. Some nonessential sectors have reopened and thousands of workers are returning to work, but everyone else will be in lockdown until at least April 26.