Chinese sailors are suffering from serious psychological disorders aboard South China Sea submarines, a recent study found
- A recent study by Chinese researchers found that Chinese submariners in the South
ChinaSea are suffering from "serious" psychological disorders.
- A little over one-fifth of surveyed sailors showed signs of
- The operating environment, as well as the challenges of life aboard a
submarine, put submariners at a higher risk for psychological issues.
"This study demonstrates for the first time that soldiers and officers in the submarine force in the South China Sea are facing mental health risks and suffering from serious psychological problems," the researchers concluded.China claims the vast majority of the disputed South China Sea, and it has increased its naval patrols of the waterway over the years to reinforce its sovereignty claims.
"Studies have demonstrated that military maneuvers can produce psychological and physiological stress," the Chinese researchers explained, adding that life aboard a submarine can also lead to mental health issues.They wrote that submariners, who tend to have higher rates of neuropsychiatric illness, "are confined to tiny living spaces and exposed to manufactured air and artificial light," and "the submarine environment entails prolonged isolation, which can involve 60 to 90 days of submerged cruising." The study also found that sailors aboard nuclear submarines tended to be at a higher risk for psychological disorders.
Long overlooked in militaries around the world, mental health is an important part of determining the overall readiness of a force.
For China, psychological evaluations were not included as part of the military recruitment process until 2006, and mental health services for Chinese troops are still works in progress.Recognizing that life aboard naval vessels can be challenging for sailors, the US Navy began embedding psychologists aboard aircraft carriers in the 1990s, and it saw a dramatic decrease in emergency evacuations and administrative separations for misbehavior.
This important program, known as the embedded Mental Health Program (eMHP), was later extended to additional surface vessels and appeared to be similarly effective.
An eMHP for the
The overall quality of the Chinese navy is improving though as China builds new classes of ships and submarines and pushes forward with efforts to build a world-class fighting force by the middle of this century.
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