Using secure apps that employ techniques like encryption to protect your data can reduce the chances of intruders snooping on your conversations. Encryption is a process that makes information appear unintelligible when it's being transferred from the sender to the recipient, increasing the likelihood that only the intended parties can see your text messages or emails. Both Gmail and Outlook use encryption so long as the recipient is also using an email provider that supports it. Those who are dealing with extra sensitive information could also try Proton Mail, which doesn't monitor web activity like large firms such as Google and only stores data in countries with strong privacy protections, such as Switzerland. When it comes to messaging, the best choice for privacy-oriented users is Signal, which is available for iOS and Android and supports end-to-end encryption in addition to other security-centric features, like the ability to set your chat history to disappear. Apple's iMessage and Facebook's WhatsApp also support end-to-end encryption by default. Read more: There's a terrifying trend on the internet that could be used to ruin your reputation, and no one knows how to stop itKeeping your smartphone up to date is important for several reasons. Not only does it often bring new features to your device, but it ensures that you're running on the most secure version of Apple's iOS or Google's Android operating system. That's because operating system updates sometimes include fixes for vulnerabilities that can be exploited by malicious actors if left unattended. To see if your iPhone software is up to date, open the Settings menu, tap General, and choose Software Update. You can also choose to have updates installed automatically by tapping the Automatic Updates option in the Software Update settings. On an Android phone, open the Settings menu and tap the System option to check whether an update is available for your device. Then choose, Advanced and select System update. If you don't see the Advanced button, press About phone. These steps can vary depending on the Android device you're using.From your location to the contacts in your phone book, apps can gather a broad array of data from your mobile device. The best and most efficient way to cut down on the number of companies that may have access to your personal information is to delete any apps and their respective accounts you don't use. Purge your app library and get rid of programs you haven't opened in a while, especially apps you have may have downloaded for a specific event like a festival or a conference. You can also manage which apps have access to certain aspects of your phone through the settings menu on iOS and Android. On your iPhone, you can get started by launching Settings and scrolling all the way down to view the apps installed on your phone. Tapping an app will display what types of data and parts of your phone that particular app has permission to use. From there, you'll be able to enable or revoke access. For example, tapping Google Maps will list the permissions that it requests, such as your location, Bluetooth sharing, microphone, and cellular data among others. The process is similar for Android devices, although Google presents it differently. Open the Settings menu, choose Apps & notifications and press the Advanced option. Then choose App permissions to see a list of all the different permissions apps can request access to. This includes data and components such as your contacts, calendar, call logs, and location, among others. Tapping each category will allow you to see which apps have access to that information and revoke access if desired. Memorizing individual passwords for all of your online accounts can be difficult. And re-using the same password for multiple accounts is never a good idea. That's why apps like LastPass, 1Password, and Keeper can be very useful. These apps generate complex random passwords and can automatically log you into websites. All you have to do is remember your master password for the service. And when creating a master password — or any password — remember to create one that's unique and difficult to guess.We transfer sensitive information over Wi-Fi networks every day, which is why it's critical to make sure you're doing so in a secure and private way. Virtual private networks, or VPNs, can help with that. A VPN establishes a secure Wi-Fi connection that masks your device's internet protocol address, therefore hiding your phone's location and identity. That extra layer of security also makes it far less likely that intruders will gain access to sensitive information being shared over Wi-Fi than if you were to use a regular public network. Some popular VPN services include NordVPN, ExpressVPN, and PureVPN.