Millennials are waiting longer than ever to buy homes.
Homes are 39% more expensive than they were nearly 40 years ago, according to Student Loan Hero. A report by SmartAsset found that in some cities, the median home outweighed the median income by so much that it could take nearly a decade to save for a 20% down payment.
And fewer 25- to 34-year-olds are living with a spouse or partner, Business Insider's Akin Oyedele reported in 2017, citing Census Bureau data. It suggests that milestones — like marriage — that often precipitate buying a home are happening later.
Student debt has also hit an all-time high, making it harder to take out a mortgage.
But renting is expensive, too. As a result, more millennial renters are living with roommates to cut costs.
In an article for The Atlantic, Allie Volpe reported the facts: From 2005 to 2015, the number of Americans aged 18 to 34 with roommates increased by 23%, according to the US Census Bureau. This doesn't count those living with a romantic partner, but does include those who live with their parents.
While cohabitation is a departure from the 20- and 30-somethings who lived with their significant other in the past, it's nothing new — immigrants and workers sought out boarding houses during the 19th century.
More millennials are taking up residence in communal living, or "co-living," spaces, which are cropping up in major cities. Those spaces, Volpe wrote, are a modern-day version of yesterday's boarding house.
"Companies like Open Door, HubHaus, and WeLive, a subsidiary of co-working giant WeWork, are competing for millennials' dollars as young people continue moving to high-priced urban areas," wrote Melia Robinson for Business Insider.
Because of today's high cost of living, it's also common for American millennials to leave the nest later in life than previous generations did. More than 35% of millennials still live with their parents, according to the Country Financial Security Index.
"This should not necessarily be viewed as a negative thing as long as there are clear fiscal goals in place," Doyle Williams, an executive vice president at Country Financial, said in a press release, adding that using this time to build an emergency fund, save for a down payment, and focus on long-term goals can help millennials build financial independence.
In Miami, Los Angeles, and New York, more than one in four residents ages 25 to 40 live with their parents, according to a MagnifyMoney report.
By the time many millennials do buy homes, they're older and less likely to move around as they settle down.
Waiting longer to buy also gives millennials more time to build up their resources for a down payment. As a result, for some, their first home is a million-dollar luxury home, not a starter home. They are thus bypassing the need for a starter home altogether.
But starter homes aren't exactly sitting on the market because of this change. As Ben Casselman and Conor Dougherty reported for The New York Times, real-estate investors are swooping in with all-cash offers, purchasing 20% of the starter homes on the market and proving to be tough competition for millennials.
And some rich urban millennials are choosing to rent in the city and buy a vacation home instead of a primary residence.
Unmarried millennial couples are buying homes together, prioritizing homeownership over marriage.
The trend of unmarried millennial couples buying a home together has become more prevalent, Daniel Gershburg, partner at real-estate law firm Romer Debbas LLP, told Business Insider. According to a Coldwell Banker Marriage and Homebuying Study, a quarter of American millennials purchased their home with their current spouse before getting hitched.
This trend is a result of a shift in attitudes toward marriage and economic conditions — higher housing prices make splitting a mortgage favorable. When coupled with expenses like pricier health insurance premiums and record levels of student-loan debt, it's easier to share a mortgage and down payment with someone else.
Millennials don't want the large, elaborate houses baby boomers built 15 years ago in the Sunbelt states like Florida, Arizona, and the Carolinas, reported Candace Taylor for The Wall Street Journal.
Millennials aren't interested in the outdated interior design, eschewing crown moldings and ornate details for clean lines and open floor plans, Taylor wrote. They also want smaller homes, she said.
Rich millennials in particular are downsizing. They care less about size and more about quality, West Palm Beach real-estate agent Burt Minkoff of Douglas Elliman previously told Business Insider.
Millennials are reviving the suburbs as they flee the city in search of more affordable housing, reported Valerie Bauerlein for The Wall Street Journal. They're following in baby boomers' footsteps, albeit belatedly — and on their own terms.
Millennials are being more selective, seeking suburbs with good weather and good jobs, typically in the Sunbelt, William Frey, demographer at the Brookings Institution, told Bauerlein.
As a result, these suburbs are growing at a rate that's more than twice as fast as their neighboring cities, he said. In some areas, like Apex, North Carolina, the trend is creating an overcrowding problem, resulting in traffic jams and schools filled past capacity.
Some millennials are taking their search for affordable housing even further than the suburbs: They're buying homes outside the affluent suburbs and reviving the exurbs for the first time in a decade, reported Laura Kusisto of The Wall Street Journal. On average, these homes are more than 16 miles from central business districts — the greatest distance since 2004, Kusisto reported, citing Fannie Mae loan data.
While the housing market has slowed in America, more home sales and constructions are popping up in the exurbs, Kusisto wrote: "Rising mortgage rates and home prices, especially in urban centers, are once again motivating buyers to drive until they can afford a home, including in Dallas, Las Vegas, Atlanta, and the San Francisco Bay Area. Low gas prices help as well."
Those who have committed to the move have found that the savings are worth the commute time, which can be up to two hours.