NATO will lose its next air war to Putin's 'formidable beasts' if it waits for the F-35 to save it

raf typhoons

Sgt Paul Oldfield/MOD

Two Typhoon FGR4 aircraft, flown by 29 (R) Squadron from RAF Coningsby. The Typhoon in the foreground (left) can been seen with the RAF 100 colours painted on its tail, to commemorate the Royal Air Force Centenary Celebrations. The Typhoon FGR.Mk 4 is a highly capable and extremely agile fourth-generation multi-role combat aircraft, capable of being deployed for the full spectrum of air operations, including air policing, peace support and high-intensity conflict.

  • NATO needs the F-35 to keep up with evolving threats from Russia, but in a decade, NATO will still only be flying 20% fifth-generation fighters - meaning 80% probably can't fight against Russia on day one.
  • This puts NATO at a huge disadvantage against Russia, which has new, cheap, and deadly systems meant to shoot down NATO's legacy aircraft by the hundreds.
  • The Royal Air Force's Air-Vice Marshal Simon Rochelle has proposed plans to keep legacy aircraft fighting and supercharged with the information pulled from fifth-gen fighters and other support planes.
  • Rochelle warned that if NATO can't fix its interoperability problems across its 28 members, it will lose the next war against Russia.

LONDON-Much of NATO's hope to remain a relevant fighting force in the coming decades has been pinned on the introduction of the F-35, but a simple look at the numbers shows that one airframe alone won't turn the tide against Russia.

"If we think we're going to wait for the next generation to sort the problems out, I can categorically tell you we will fail when next major conflict occurs." Royal Air Force's Air-Vice Marshal Simon Rochelle told the Royal United Service Institute's Combat Air Survivability conference on Wednesday.

"In 2030, 80% of the European NATO forces - should one of those situations occur, god forbid - will be gen 4 fighters. You can't walk away from that," he continued, referring to pre-stealth jets as belonging to a fourth generation of fighters.

While Rochelle sounded confident in the F-35's ability to meet current and future threats, he stressed that NATO wouldn't hit critical mass in its fifth generation fleets in time for the next big conflict.

Read more: The US Air Force just tested a stealth combat drone for suicide missions against Russia and China

But instead of demanding a deeper well of F-35s, Rochelle said the only practical way was to spread the benefits of the F-35 horizontally, to other airframes.

"I need the F-35's ISR (intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance) information off boarded,," he said. "We have F-35s and Typhoons, and I have to use those symbiotically. I can't afford poor interoperability."

Too little, too late

RAF F 35 Lightning CGI

Crown Copyright

While the UK has its own fifth-gem fighter planned, the Tempest, Rochelle said the slow pace of fielding the fighters slightly defeated the purpose.

"If both those airframes take 10 years to mature to the next level, they won't fit the purpose," he continued.

In the meantime, Russia has come up with a slew of new, low-cost and potentially potent weapons systems meant to down NATO jets.

"The threats, in terms of how it is progressing, [are] significant," said Rochelle of Russian systems like the S-400, which has begun to proliferate across the globe with China, Syria, and even NATO member Turkey looking to buy.

"Those systems are so complex and so capable that a price point for those systems of defense is far cheaper than the long running programs we have in the aircraft to development," said Rochelle. "We can't afford not to respond at pace, because our adversaries are responding at pace."

An S-400 can spot even stealth aircraft like the F-35, and using a relatively cheap missile, down a jet that costs many hundred times its own value.

Additionally, Russia may have the even more advanced S-500 system online by the time fifth-generation fighter aircraft hit the front lines en masse.

"They are formidable beasts," Rochelle said of Russia's new systems, which include directed energy weapons.

Think fast

British Eurofighter Typhoons are viewed from a U.S Air Force KC-135 during a European Tanker Symposium from RAF Mildenhall, Britain May 17, 2018.


British Eurofighter Typhoons are viewed from a U.S Air Force KC-135 during a European Tanker Symposium from RAF Mildenhall, Britain May 17, 2018.

At the Rapid Capabilities Office in the RAF, Rochelle's job is to innovate new solutions to these mounting problems, and get them done fast.

Rochelle discussed cutting down extensive, sometimes grueling testing requirements for non-mission critical components of fighter aircraft, and how his office was able to get Tornado jets fighting ISIS in 191 days.

When it came to networking the F-35 into the bigger NATO fight against Russia, Rochelle was full of ideas.

"I want to be able to connect a Rivet Joint, through space, into the cockpit… we need to be thinking in those dimensions," he said, referencing the US and UK's standard airborne signals intelligence plane which can help spot anti-air batteries like Russia's S-400.

Read more: Russia could destroy the F-35 from within with a missile-defense sale to Turkey

"Ideally, I'd like to reprogram the F-35 in flight" with new information, potentially including things spotted by Rivet Joints and other legacy aircraft.

Essentially, Rochelle knows that Europe won't have B-21s, F-22s, and F-35s of its own on day one of a conflict with Russia, and has launched a series of programs to make his Typhoons fight harder with the benefit of targeting and threat data pulled from F-35s.

In effect, he's gunning for a much cheaper, lighter air force that takes the cutting edge of the F-35 and spreads it out across the entire mass of NATO's jet fighter fleet.

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