A trust fund gives you control over your money after you're gone, and it's not just for the super rich
- A trust fund is an account that gives a person control over who will receive their assets during their lifetime and/or at their death.
- Trusts come in many forms, but the two most basic types are revocable and irrevocable.
- Trust funds are often used to avoid the probate process, set up a plan for wealth transfer, avoid or defer estate taxes, and give to charity.
- A certified financial planner can help you navigate the different types of trusts and create a plan that's right for you, but you will need to visit an estate planning attorney to formally set up a trust fund.
- SmartAsset's free tool can help you find a financial planner to help with a trust fund of your own »
Trust funds get a bad rap as an accessory for the silver-spooned, but there's no wealth threshold you have to meet to have one, or benefit from one.In its most basic form, a trust fund is an account that gives you control over who will receive your money or property at your death, and in some cases during your lifetime, too. Many people use them to legally avoid or defer taxes and swiftly pass assets to their heirs.Advertisement
There are various types of trust funds and some are more costly to maintain than others, which may be why they're often associated with the super-rich. But they all have the same underlying purpose: to ensure that a person's intentions for their money are met, however specific and conditional they may be.
What is a trust fund?
A trust establishes a veritable plan for transferring money and property to heirs, managing estate taxes, and giving to charity. A trust fund also has the ability to avoid the tedious probate process.There are three people involved in any trust: the grantor who places their assets in the trust fund; the beneficiary or beneficiaries who receive those assets; and the trustee - the person, group of advisers, or organization that is responsible for managing the trust now and after the grantor's death.
A grantor can place almost any asset into a trust, including real estate, bank accounts, investment accounts, business interests, and life insurance policies.
What are the types of trust funds?Generally, a trust fund is set up as either revocable or irrevocable.A revocable trust is flexible - the grantor can make changes at any time and can generate income through the investments or property placed in the trust. Since the trust is open, in essence, all the assets are still included in the grantor's estate. The grantor is responsible for paying taxes on the assets now and at their death. Creditors can also access the assets for unpaid debts. Once a grantor of a revocable trust dies, it becomes irrevocable.Advertisement
An irrevocable trust cannot be changed after it is set up and can only be accessed after the grantor's death. The trust is essentially closed; the assets placed in the trust are removed from the grantor's estate and they are not responsible for paying taxes during their lifetime or at death (that responsibility falls to the trust and the beneficiaries). In addition, creditors do not have access to any of the assets.
Within these two categories, there are special trusts for married people, charitable donors, and people who want to skip their children and pass money to their grandchildren instead, to name a few.
How do you set up a trust fund?If you're considering setting up a trust fund, you may consider meeting with a certified financial planner. They can help you navigate the different types of trusts and choose one that's right for your needs, whether it's reducing estate taxes, making a specific plan for your heirs, or giving to charity.Advertisement
In order to formally set up a trust fund, you need to visit an estate planning attorney. While you don't need to have millions of dollars to set up a trust fund, there will be legal fees and, in some cases, costs to maintain the trust fund.
- More personal finance coverage
- 4 reasons to open a high-yield savings account while interest rates are down
- It took less than 10 minutes to open a high-yield cash account with Wealthfront and earn more on my savings
- How to buy a house with no money down
- When to save money in high-yield savings
- Best rewards credit cards
- 7 reasons you may need life insurance, even if you think you don't
Disclosure: This post is brought to you by the Personal Finance Insider team. We occasionally highlight financial products and services that can help you make smarter decisions with your money. We do not give investment advice or encourage you to adopt a certain investment strategy. What you decide to do with your money is up to you. If you take action based on one of our recommendations, we get a small share of the revenue from our commerce partners. This does not influence whether we feature a financial product or service. We operate independently from our advertising sales team.
- Eight new COVID-19 cases in Gondia, tally 210
- Eight more test positive for COVID-19 in UP's Muzaffarnagar, active cases now 114
- Ahmedabad's COVID-19 cases rise by 178 to 22,923; 4 more die
- COVID-19 effect: Air India withdraws job offers for around 180 trainee cabin crew members
- 872 new coronavirus cases in Gujarat, ten more deaths