Big banks are propping up the coal industry as it keeps on pumping out toxic emissions in some parts of the world
- Standard Chartered just helped fund the giant Indonesian coal company Adaro with US$ 400 million.
- Adaro's business models are in line with 5-6ºC of
global warming, far above the 1.5ºC Paris Agreement limit that Standard Chartered claims to support.
- Standard Chartered's climate policy allows them to continue funding destructive coal companies whose business plans are consistent with the Paris Agreement failing.
- Binbin Mariana is an environmental campaigner from Indonesia.
- This is an
opinioncolumn. The thoughts expressed are those of the author.
It's been six years since the world's governments adopted the Paris Agreement. But in many parts of the world, including my country of Indonesia, the
Coal is the single most significant source of global temperature increases to date. Scientists say if we want to meet the Paris Agreement's 1.5°C target, coal needs to be phased out globally by 2040.
As important as political action is on
In the UK, public and investor outcry on coal is mounting. Barclays has been targeted for the second year in a row by shareholder resolutions calling on the bank to phase out financing for fossil fuels. HSBC was recently forced into committing to a global coal phase-out by 2040. Polling shows a majority of customers in both banks don't want them to fund fossil fuels.
But one major UK bank has escaped scrutiny for its poor coal policies: Standard Chartered.
Best known for sponsoring Liverpool FC, Standard Chartered is a major bank in Asia. It's climate policy allows them to continue pumping billions into destructive coal companies, including in Indonesia.
Standard Chartered is funding one of Indonesia's giant coal companies, Adaro. Since 2006, the bank has funded over US $400 million to Adaro and its subsidiaries. Last month, Standard Chartered helped provide another US $400 million for Adaro's coal mining, as part of a syndicate of banks. This new loan underlines how weak Standard Chartered's coal policies are.
Despite the bank's internal analysis showing that Adaro's business plans are in line with 5-6°C of global warming, it has decided to support Adaro anyway. Adaro is a major supplier of coal to Europe, Asia and America. It controls at least 31,380 hectares of land, an area bigger than Birmingham, producing 54 million tonnes of coal in 2020 alone.
Adaro estimates its coal reserves at 1.1 billion tonnes. Burning all of these reserves - as Adaro intends to do - would release 2.2 billion tonnes of CO2-e, almost the equivalent of the annual emissions of India. The company has no plans to produce any less coal. And yet, Standard Chartered continues to fund Adaro, whose business plan is consistent with the Paris Agreement failing.
Like the fallout of climate change in general, Adaro causes much suffering in my country. The company has deprived villagers of their livelihoods for the sake of the coal that lies beneath their homes. When all the coal has been extracted from a mine, it leaves behind desolate open-mining pits, which coal companies are obliged by law to restore and rehabilitate to the previous ecosystem. To date, only 18% of Adaro's post-mining pits have been rehabilitated.
Adaro coal mining operations tear down forests, degrading the land. Early this year, at least 24 people were killed, and more than 113,000 people were displaced due to a massive flood in South Kalimantan, on the island of Borneo. The immense suffering from the floods has been linked to degraded land in the water catchment area. Adaro is one of the mining companies that operate its coal mines near the river catchment area.
We have been paying the price for pollution from coal combustion with our health. In 2015, research estimated existing coal-fired power plants in Indonesia cause 7,100 premature deaths every year. Adaro is a part-owner of the controversial 2,000 MW Batang coal-fired power plant, which will add to the horrible degradation of air quality for our communities and could cause additional 30,000 premature deaths over an operating life of 40 years.
So Standard Chartered isn't just funding a perennial coal mining company. It's funding a company building new dirty coal power plants. And yes, we're talking about a UK bank in the year 2021.
Standard Chartered's slogan, "Here For Good", means nothing if it means continuing to provide hundreds of millions to a company ripping the heart out of communities in my country and making global climate change worse.
Binbin Mariana is an energy
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