Indian ocean can witness many more super cyclones like Amphan in the coming years — and climate change is to blame

Indian ocean can witness many more super cyclones like Amphan in the coming years — and climate change is to blame
After the Amphan cyclone massive disester at KakdwipBCCL

  • India suffered from two powerful storms — super cyclone Amphan and extremely severe cyclone Nisarga — in a span of 15 days.
  • And now, Indian Meteorological Department has issued yet another warning of Gati — a low pressure area developing over the Bay of Bengal.
  • According to climate scientists, such extreme weather events in the northern Indian Ocean are common now due to climate change.
Ramesh Shah lost his 13-year-old daughter when his home collapsed over her after super cyclone Amphan hit eastern India and Bangladesh on May 20. Super Cyclone Amphan killed as many as 88 people and left millions homeless.

India suffered from two powerful storms — super cyclone Amphan and extremely severe cyclone Nisarga — in a span of 15 days. And now, Indian Meteorological Department has issued yet another warning of Gati — a low pressure area developing over the Bay of Bengal. Storm Gati may not cause as much damage as super cyclone Amphan but it will definitely bring heavy rains in Odisha.

Indian ocean can witness many more super cyclones like Amphan in the coming years — and climate change is to blame
The villagers of Sandeshlhali block in the Sunderbans struggling for relief materials after the villages in the Sunderbans were ravaged in the devastating cyclonBCCL

According to climate scientists, such extreme weather events in the northern Indian Ocean are common now due to climate change. Moreover, they expect the frequency and intensity of such cyclones to increase on both the east and west coast of the Indian subcontinent.
Advertisement

“There is emerging evidence for an increase in annual global proportion of Category 4 or 5 tropical cyclones in recent decades (low confidence), an Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report said.

A category 4 cyclone (extremely severe cyclone) has a wind speed of 209-251 kilometres per hour, whereas a category 5 cyclone (super cyclone) has a wind speed of over 252 kilometers per hour.

Warm temperatures
Indian ocean can witness many more super cyclones like Amphan in the coming years — and climate change is to blame
People are watching rough waves at coastal battery in Visakhapatnam on Tuesday . The rough waves are due to cyclone Amphan. N Kanaka​/BCCL
Climate change is one of the primary reasons behind the increase in such cyclonic storms which affects millions of people.

Advertisement

This year, both the Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea were about 1 degree hotter than usual — giving a conducive environment for cyclonic storms to intensify, according to Jayaraman Srinivasan, scientist at Divecha Centre for Climate Change, Indian Institute of Science.

In other words, super cyclone Amphan and extremely severe cyclone Nisarga emerged after they became powerful due to warm temperatures in the ocean. An increase in ocean temperatures mean more tropical cyclone winds, rainfall, an increase in extreme waves, as well as rising sea levels. While the climate change phenomenon holds true for all the five oceans, the most-affected one remains the Indian Ocean as it has the warmest temperature of all.

Indian ocean can witness many more super cyclones like Amphan in the coming years — and climate change is to blame
A completly collapsed mini bus of Golf Green-Howrah route due to a uprooted tree near Golf Green TV tower. The extremely severe cyclone 'Amphan' has left at least 12 people dead and ravaged Kolkata and several parts of West Bengal. Sudipto Das/BCCL

It is difficult to warn people early as these cyclones intensify very quickly. Moreover, since mangroves are decreasing over the years, these cyclones are capable of causing much greater damage. And, lesser ponds and ineffective drainage systems add more to the problems of people who suffer through cyclones every year.
Advertisement

SEE ALSO:
Edtech hirings at an all-time high — over 4,100 job openings in Unacademy, Vedantu, Simplilearn and more
Flipkart is putting the money where its mouth is⁠— and it’s not food and groceries yet
{{}}