India wants to fly its own astronauts to the moon, after becoming the first nation to land near the lunar south pole
- India plans to build on its historic lunar landing by sending people to the moon.
- India landed its first lunar spacecraft, and the first robotic mission near the moon's south pole.
India's Chandrayaan-3 probe defeated all odds on August 23 after it managed to successfully land near the south pole of the moon, beating competing nations to the strategically important site.
With the landing, India has become the fourth nation — after Russia, the US, and China — to land on the moon.
"It definitely puts them on the international stage as an emerging space power," Robert Braun, head of space exploration at Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory, told Insider.
"India is now on the moon," said Modi, per the BBC.
The nation "will look into a human flight mission as well for the future," he said, per Sky News.
Indian astronauts to Earth's orbit and beyond
India has previously said it will attempt a crewed mission to low-Earth orbit by late 2024, the Times of India reported.
"India is showing and proving that the sky is not the limit," said Modi per Sky News.
Per the Indian Space Research Organisation, India plans to first launch two uncrewed missions, Gaganyaan 1 and 2, the first of which is planned by the end of this year. The missions should test the capacity of the nation's rocket, LVM3.
This should be followed by the nation's first crewed mission, which will aim to send three astronauts to low-Earth orbit for a three-day mission.
India nailed a difficult feat amid multiple moon crashes
The Chandrayaan-3 mission, which successfully landed the
The south polar region is strategically important because scientists believe water ice is present in the area. The hope is this water could someday support humans living on the moon and help manufacture fuel for rockets launching from the moon to Mars.
Russia's space agency, Roscosmos, tried to land its own robotic mission near the south pole of the moon, but on August 20 it misfired its engines and crashed.
Both Japanese private company ispace and Israeli nonprofit SpaceIL have also crashed on the moon in recent years.
India's first attempt at the lunar south pole region in 2019, called Chandrayaan-2, crashed as well. Clearly the Indian space agency learned a lot from that failed landing.
"Last time they got to the playoffs, if you will, and this time they won the Super Bowl," Braun said.
Correction: August 28, 2023 — An earlier version of this article misstated Robert Braun's title. He is head of space exploration at Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory, not head of a Space Exploration Center there.
Correction August 23, 2023: An earlier version of this article misstated which entities have tried to land on the lunar south pole. Two countries have attempted this feat so far: India and Russia. Only India has succeeded. An earlier version of this article also misstated the planned orbit of India's first crewed mission. It's expected to orbit Earth.
This post has also been updated with new information. It was originally published on August 23, 2023.
Editor's note September 1, 2023: This article has been updated to clarify that India's spacecraft landed in the lunar south pole region, not on the point of the lunar south pole.
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