All you need to know about India’s first crewed mission to space — the Gaganyaan programme

Jan 13, 2022

By: Marcia Sekhose

ISRO’s Gaganyaan programme

ISRO’s Gaganyaan programme is India’s maiden human spaceflight mission. This mission will make India the fourth country to send humans to space.

Credit: ISRO

Launch process

ISRO plans to first send two uncrewed space flights after which it will launch the first crewed mission.

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Launch timeline

Following delays due to COVID-19, the first uncrewed mission is set to take place during the first half of 2022. The second uncrewed mission will take place by the end of this year.

Credit: ISRO

First human spaceflight

The final crewed mission which will be the human spaceflight is scheduled to launch in 2023. It will carry three people to space.

Credit: ISRO

The mission

The Gaganyaan programme’s mission is to demonstrate the capability to send humans to Low Earth Orbit (LEO) which is the closest point in space where humans can travel.

Credit: ISRO

Rocket for the mission

ISRO will use its Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mk III (GSLV Mk III) rocket for the Gaganyaan mission.

Credit: ISRO

Cost of the Gaganyaan programme

The total cost of ISRO’s Gaganyaan programme comes to ₹9,023 crores.

Credit: ISRO

Future space plans

After the successful launch of India’s first human spaceflight, ISRO plans to focus on a “sustained human presence in space.”

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Indian space station

India’s space station is also planned to launch by 2030 and it will be an extension of the Gaganyaan programme. Scientific and industrial research in areas of fundamental, applied and engineering sciences will be conducted in the space station.

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