In the early 20th century, most glass production happened in factories. Even individual glassblowers making their own personalized designs would do their work in those large shared buildings. The idea of "art glass", small decorative works made of art, often with designs or objects inside, flourished. Pieces produced in small production runs, such as the Lampwork figures of Stanislav Brychta
, are generally called art glass.
By the 1970s, there were good designs for smaller furnaces, and in the United States
this gave rise to the "studio glass" movement of glassblowers who blew their glass outside of factories, often in their own studios. This coincided with a move towards smaller production runs of particular styles. This movement spread to other parts of the world as well. And in India, you can now see a lot of work happening, thanks to a few dedicated artists who are passionate about glass.
However India still lacks proper streamlining of the art form, be it through museum or workshops. Most artists have their own workshops where they work from and generally dependent on hospitality sector for commercial activities.
Modern works of glass art can be seen in a dedicated glass museums and museums of contemporary art. These include the Chrysler Museum
in Norfolk, Virginia, the Museum of Glass
, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Toledo Museum of Art, and Corning Museum of Glass, in Corning, NY, which houses the world's largest collection of glass art and history, with more than 45,000 objects in its collection. The Museum of Fine Arts in Boston
features a 42.5 feet (13.0 m) tall glass sculpture, Lime Green Icicle Tower
, by Dale Chihuly
. In February 2000 the Smith Museum of Stained Glass Windows
, located in Chicago
's Navy Pier
, opened as the first museum in America
dedicated solely to stained glass windows. The museum features works by Louis Comfort Tiffany
and John Lafarge
, and is open daily free to the public.
In India, here are the leading glass artists who are pushing the glass ceiling:
(Image credit: Glass Sutra by Reshmi Dey. Sourced from the artist)