comparison between PPF vs LIC which is better

comparison between PPF vs LIC which is better
PPF and Life Insurance are completely dissimilar products. Since Life insurance protects your family in the unfortunate event of your death, it must always be given the first priority. Once protection is assured, then you can start focusing on other goals of your life including the education and marriage of your children and your retirement. However, if you want to compare between the two as investment options, here are the facts to consider.

PPF overview

PPF expanded as Public Provident Fund is an investment scheme backed by the government. In a PPF account, an investor can deposit a minimum of Rs 500 and a maximum of Rs 1.5 lakhs per financial year. If this criteria is met, Section 80 C assures tax exemption for the principal, returns and the maturity amount.

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Life insurance overview

Life insurance schemes require that you pay the premium at regular intervals in order to be eligible for the protection. How much risk cover the given policy provides depends on the sum assured by the policy. Depending on the type of life insurance purchased, the assured sum is paid out in the event of the death of the policy holder or upon the maturity of the plan.

Comparing between PPF and Life Insurance plans

Your investments in both PPF and life insurance are safe and legal. While PPF is a central government backed scheme, life insurance products are offered wither by the government-owned Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) or by some private insurance companies that are regulated by the government body IRDAI.

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Returns

PPF investments assure 8.7 % yield as per the present interest rates. The returns are compounded yearly. The returns in a Life Insurance plan differs between policies and between the provider companies. The death benefit of a life insurance plan is several times the invested amount depending on the time of death of the policy-holder. The yield on the maturity benefits can be between 4% and 6%.

Flexibility

The investor can choose to invest anywhere between Rs 500 and Rs 1.5 lakhs per year in a PPF scheme and hence the amount that can be invested in flexible. In case of Life insurance plan, the premium payable is fixed and is never flexible. The premium payable varies between different life insurance plans depending on the sum assured in the event of death of the policy-holder.

In general terms, the minimum lock-in period after which you can encash or surrender the life insurance policy is 3 years. After this lock in period, you can take a loan on the policy. In case of PPF, you can withdraw from every 7th financial year from the date of opening the account. There are restrictions on how much you can withdraw and the plan cannot be closed until the 15th year.
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Status as a financial instrument

A life insurance policy is a kind of property carrying a legal status. You can mortgage, transfer, gift, sell, or hypothecate it provided you meet the applicable laws. You can also take a loan on the policy from the insuring company. Whereas, a PPF cannot be hypothecated or used for collateral purposes.

Final word

Since the best stand regarding investments is protection first and savings next. In this way, only when you have protected your family with the right kind of Life Insurance plan, you can think of saving in a PPF scheme.
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