7 winning strategies Navy SEALs use to overcome sleep deprivation

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US Navy

Navy SEALs are trained in how to battle through extreme sleep deprivation.

  • Set a sleep routine that relaxes you in the hours before bed - and follow it.
  • When you're stressed or overwhelmed, write out a plan that helps you focus on how you'll face the challenges tomorrow.
  • Recognize when you're really tired. Nap. Ask others for help.

Growing evidence suggests that poor sleep habits harm our health, our relationships, even our jobs. So if you're having trouble sleeping, then it's time to get back to the basics - military style.

Special operators, who are sent on the US military's most dangerous assignments, must sleep when they can and often face extreme sleep deprivation to complete their mission. Whether you're a new parent, have a stressful job or are dealing with a difficult situation, there's a lot you can learn from these elite operators.Advertisement

To get a sense of how to sleep like a champ in the worst situations, we pored over sleep techniques for special operators and interviewed a former Navy SEAL who trains pro athletes, firefighters and police tactical teams on maximizing their performance.

"There's not a harder job out there than being a mom or dad, working or stay at home," says Adam La Reau, who spent 12 years as a Navy SEAL and is the co-founder of O2x Human Performance, a company that trains and advises groups from the Chicago Blackhawks to the Boston Fire Department. "There's definitely a sleep debt that could occur over time."

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Courtesy Adam La Reau

Adam La Reau spent 12 years in the Navy SEALs, rising to the rank of lieutenant commander. He co-founded O2x in 2013 with fellow SEALs.

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Small tweaks to your routine - what La Reau calls "1% changes" in a March 19 phone interview - will make a huge difference to your sleep.

These are the basics of sleep boot camp. Know these before you nod off.
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Have a pre-sleep game plan.

Have a pre-sleep game plan.

"It's like a warm-up routine you do for a work-out," La Reau says, then ticks off a list of do-nots: Eat within two hours before bed, stare at bright lights or start playing Fortnite.

During this time, La Reau suggests activities that will calm your nerves, maybe reading, meditation, listening to music, dimming the lights.

Definitely: Turn off your electronics.

TV watchers, e-tablets readers, Fortnight gamers — "They're getting crushed with light," says La Reau, whose O2x team includes half a dozen sleep scientists. "And that's just going to disrupt their circadian rhythm, it's going to trick your body into thinking it's day and your body should be up."

Read more: A secret military technique could help you fall asleep in just 2 minutes

Put together a list or reminder of what you need to do the next day.

Put together a list or reminder of what you need to do the next day.

We all have a lot going on, especially new parents. La Reau says you need to tackle that head on.

In the hours before bed, put together a list or reminder of what you need to do the next day.

"Every time I go home, I have a list of what I need to do the next day ... I feel like I'm prepared when I wake up in the morning," says La Reau. "I know exactly what I'm going to do and I sleep better at night for it."

Read more: A former Army sniper shares a trick for staying focused

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Exercise is important, but well before bedtime.

Exercise is important, but well before bedtime.

Obviously. These are Navy SEALs.

Sleep when you can.

Sleep when you can.

One military sleep manual advises special operators to use the lulls in combat to nap. "Uninterrupted sleep for as little as 10 minutes may partially recover alertness," the Naval Health Research Center report says.

A nap can boost your energy but don't zonk out too close to your bedtime, La Reau warns.

"Naps are really helpful, and any sleep is better than no sleep at all," La Reau says. "When the baby takes a nap, that could be a good time for you to take a nap."

Just think of it as a lull in combat.

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Get a high-quality mattress, blackout shades, and a white noise machine.

Get a high-quality mattress, blackout shades, and a white noise machine.

"The bedroom should be a sanctuary for sleeping and relaxation and recovery, it's not to be used as an accessory or a work station," La Reau says.

He suggests black-out shades, a white noise machine, and a quality mattress.

"Sleeping on a high quality mattress is the best investment you'll ever make," he says.

Put away that phone. Seriously.

Put away that phone. Seriously.

It's not just because of that blue light, either. It's about stress. You want to use the two hours before bed to relax and unwind — not get yourself worried.

"If you're going to check your email and you realize you have 10 emails — that doesn't help you be very settled at night," La Reau says.

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Sleep can be a team sport.

Sleep can be a team sport.

An exhausted parent needs to recognize it, and call in reinforcements: friends, family, their partner.

"I think there's opportunities to have those open and honest conversations," La Reau advises. "Be like, 'You know, I've got a huge meeting tomorrow, I'm on a long period of travel, I've got a lot going on,' or someone's just completely exhausted.

"'Let me take care of all issues that come up with the kids tonight.'