India revamps its education policy after 34 years — scraps MPhil, proposes vocational courses from class 6, UG colleges to become autonomous
- The Indian government has allocated 6% of GDP as public investment in the education sector in India, up from 4.43% allocation.
- The Major reforms under the NEP include a new grading system, push to vocational education, fee regulation, elimination of MPhil, etc.
- Here are some highlights about the
New Education Policy
The policy brings reforms to the entire Indian education system. The Indian government has allocated 6% of GDP as public investment in the education sector in India, up from 4.43% allocation.
The Major reforms under the NEP include a new grading system, push to vocational education, fee regulation, elimination of MPhil, etc. Moreover higher education institutions and other professional education institutes will be transformed into multi-disciplinary education.
Here are some highlights about the New Education Policy —
- Universalise primary education in India
The NEP aims to universalise primary education (3 to 6) years in the country in the next five years. It also aims to provide a foundational literacy and numeracy for all by 2025.
- The 10+2 system will be divided into a 5+3+3+4 format
Under the new 5+3+3+4 format, the first five years will be the foundation stage, including three years of primary education and class 1 and 2. The next three years will be the ‘preparatory’ stage. The next three years — between class six and class eight— will be the ‘middle’ stage. The last stage will be the ‘high’ stage comprising class 9,10,11, and 12.
- MPhil courses to be discontinued
Students who wish to pursue research can do it without MPhil. All courses at UG, PG, PhD level to be interdisciplinary.
- All higher education institutions, except legal and medical colleges, to be governed by a single regulator
- Reforms in board exams patterns
- Students to learn coding from class 6
The NEP aims to encourage mathematical and scientific thinking in students. School curriculum will be reduced to core concepts; and include the integration of vocational education from class 6 under the
new National Education Policy. Moreover, students will be allowed to learn coding from class 6.
- Undergraduate colleges to be autonomous —
Under Graded Autonomy, Academic, Administrative and Financial Autonomy will be given to colleges, on the basis of the status of their accreditation.
- Proposal to conduct a common entrance exam for all colleges
The government has proposed to conduct a single entrance for all higher education institutes in India. The exam, however, will be optional.
- Home language, mother tongue or regional language to be medium of instruction up to class 5
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