House Judiciary Committee votes to hold Attorney General William Barr in contempt of Congress after marathon hearing

WASHINGTON, DC - MAY 1: Attorney General William Barr testifies before the Senate Judiciary Committee at the Dirksen Building on Wednesday, May 1, 2019, in Washington, DC. (Photo by Jahi Chikwendiu/The Washington Post via Getty Images)Attorney General William Barr.Jahi Chikwendiu/The Washington Post via Getty Images

  • The House Judiciary Committee voted on Wednesday to hold Attorney General William Barr in contempt of Congress for refusing to hand over an unredacted copy of Robert Mueller's final report on Russian interference.
  • Barr provided a partially redacted copy to the public and made multiple attempts to allow certain Democrats to view the report at the Justice Department, but they refused.
  • If the contempt charges advance, Barr could face lofty fines or even jail time.
  • The last attorney general to be held in contempt of Congress was Eric Holder in 2012 during the Obama administration, but the charges were ultimately tossed out.
  • Visit BusinessInsider.com for more stories.

WASHINGTON - The House Judiciary Committee voted Wednesday to hold Attorney General William Barr in contempt of Congress, a severe penalty for refusing to comply with requests to hand over an unredacted copy of the special counsel Robert Mueller's final report in the Russia investigation and its underlying evidence.

The vote fell along party lines at 24 to 16, as Democrats move forward with a multitude of sprawling inquiries into President Donald Trump and his administration.

Contempt of Congress is a serious charge, which can later result in a criminal referral to a US attorney. Though rare, if sought all the way through, maximum penalties can include either a $100,000 fine or one year in jail.

Democrats took the first formal step toward holding Barr in contempt of Congress on Monday. On Tuesday, the Justice Department fired back by threatening to advise President Donald Trump to invoke executive privilege over Mueller's report in light of Democrats' actions.

House Judiciary Committee Chairman Jerry Nadler responded by describing the Justice Department's threat as "without credibility, merit, or legal or factual basis."

Read more: Being held in contempt of Congress is one of the most severe punishments on Capitol Hill. Here's what such a move could mean.

Barr released a partially redacted copy of Mueller's report in April, but Democrats were unsatisfied and demanded to view the report in full. While Barr had initially offered to provide a copy with even fewer redactions for Democrats to view, they declined.

Tensions between Barr and congressional Democrats have been high for months, but they kicked up a notch in the weeks leading up to the release of the Mueller report.

After Mueller turned in his final report in the Russia probe to Barr in March, the attorney general moved to release a summary of his "principal conclusions" of Mueller's findings to Congress and the public before making the report available. In the summary, Barr said Mueller did not find sufficient evidence to bring a conspiracy charge against Trump or anyone on his campaign.

Read more: Barr admitted he didn't look at the underlying evidence before concluding Trump didn't obstruct justice in the Russia probe

Barr also said Mueller declined to make a "traditional prosecutorial judgment" on whether Trump obstructed justice. The attorney general went on to say prosecutors laid out evidence on "both sides" of the issue and did not come to a conclusion because of "difficult issues of law and fact concerning whether the President's actions and intent could be viewed as obstruction."

But when the Justice Department finally released a redacted version of the report - which featured a roadmap of evidence against Trump and 11 potential instances of obstruction of justice - Barr drew immediate backlash for what Democrats claimed was an effort to shield the president by watering down Mueller's findings ahead of their release.

Read more: The White House is blocking Don McGahn from cooperating with Congress about the Mueller probe

Last week, Barr was set to appear before the House and Senate judiciary committees for back-to-back days of testimony about the Mueller report and his controversial decisions leading up to its release. Hours before he appeared before the Senate panel, it surfaced that Mueller wrote two letters expressing concerns to Barr about the way his findings had been portrayed by the attorney general.

After testifying before the Senate Judiciary Committee about the letters and his oversight of the Russia probe, the Justice Department announced Barr would not appear before the House Judiciary Committee the next day.

The committee launched formal proceedings to hold him in contempt after he missed Monday's deadline to turn over the unredacted Mueller report and its underlying evidence.

Read more: Over 370 former federal prosecutors say they would have charged Trump with obstruction if he wasn't president

The last time Congress voted to hold an attorney general in contempt was in 2012, when Republicans were in the majority. Eric Holder, the then-Attorney General for the Barack Obama administration, had repeatedly refused to hand over documents pertaining to the "Fast and Furious" ATF gun walking scandal.

Holder's contempt vote passed the House in a bipartisan fashion, with a handful of Democrats joining Republicans to punish the top law enforcement officer at the time. Ultimately, a federal judge tossed out the charges and Holder avoided severe penalties.

Other attempts to oust officials for not complying with Congress have taken different routes. During the Obama administration, a small contingent of Republicans repeatedly tried to impeach IRS Commissioner John Koskinen. They eventually failed and Koskinen finished his term several months into the Trump presidency.

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