scorecardITR filing: Your guide to Form 26AS and why you should check for TDS discrepancies
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ITR filing: Your guide to Form 26AS and why you should check for TDS discrepancies

  • In some cases, the amount of tax deducted and the TDS credit displayed in Form 26AS may not match.
  • If you find that TDS has not been deducted by your employer, or if there are other discrepancies, get it corrected.
  • If you face difficulty in resolving the issue, you can file an online complaint with the Income Tax Department.
If you are a salaried employee, the employer will deduct tax deducted at source (TDS) on your behalf, and provide the income tax department with specific information on the tax deducted. Form 26AS is a consolidated tax statement that provides details of various tax-related transactions, including TDS.

Discrepancy in tax deducted and TDS credit

In some cases, the amount of tax deducted, and the TDS credit displayed in Form 26AS may not match the actual amount. “This discrepancy can occur due to various reasons, such as the deductor failing to provide TDS details to the Income-tax Department, or deducting taxes using an incorrect Permanent Account Number.

“Taxpayers are advised to verify the tax credit displayed in Form 26AS, and reconcile any differences, if present,” says Aashish Sharma, co- founder, and litigation head, Lex N Tax, a tax consultancy firm.

Sometimes, the TDS may not have been deducted by the employer. “Generally, the employers provide the tax computation to the employees for their approval. The employees may raise any concerns regarding non-deduction of TDS to their employers in case no such TDS is deducted,” says Suresh Surana, Founder, RSM India, an audit, tax and consulting services provider.

Steps to view form 26AS

To check if your employer has deducted TDS, follow these steps. First, register on the Income Tax Department's portal by visiting their website, and completing the registration process. Once registered, log in to the e-Filing portal using your credentials. Look for the "View Form 26AS (Tax Credit)" option, which can be found under the e-file section.

Confirm the disclaimer, and proceed by selecting the relevant tick box. Next, choose the assessment year for which you want to view Form 26AS. Remember that the assessment year usually corresponds to the financial year. Finally, you'll have two viewing options: downloading the Form 26AS statement as a PDF, or viewing it directly on the portal in HTML format.

What to do in case of a discrepancy

“If you find that TDS has not been deducted by your employer, or if there are discrepancies in the TDS details, you should take the following steps,” says Sharma.

Contact your employer: Reach out to your employer, and discuss the issue. Provide them with the necessary details, and supporting documents to rectify the situation. They should rectify the TDS deductions in their records, and provide you with updated Form 16.

File an online complaint: If your employer does not take appropriate action, or if you face difficulty in resolving the issue, you can file an online complaint with the Income Tax Department through their e-Filing portal. Look for the "File Grievance" or "File Complaint" option, and provide the required information.

Follow up with the IT Department: After filing the complaint, regularly check the status of your complaint on the e-Filing portal. The Income Tax Department will investigate the matter and take necessary action to rectify the TDS discrepancy.

If you are unsure about the appropriate steps to take, or require further assistance, it is advisable to consult a tax professional, or seek guidance from a chartered accountant, or tax expert who can provide personalized advice based on your specific situation.

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