This Chinese super-app is Apple's biggest threat in China and could be a blueprint for Facebook's future. Here's what it's like to use WeChat, which helps a billion users order food and hail rides.
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- WeChat has become an integrated part of life in China: you use it to message your friends, buy your groceries, hail a ride, and even book a doctor's appointment. It's basically impossible to exist in China without it.
- The Chinese app started off as a simple smartphone messaging app in 2011, less than a year after WhatsApp was founded. But it grew explosively as it expanded into a kind of super-app that takes the place of Uber, GrubHub, Venmo, Craigslist, and a whole bunch of other services.
- There is no Western app quite like WeChat. But it's been said to present Apple's biggest existential threat in China, even as Facebook inches towards turning its own ecosystem into something a lot like WeChat.
- Here's what you need to know about WeChat, the app that a billion users in China rely on every single day.
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After all, the little green app is for far more than just chatting. It's an ubiquitous part of every day life in China.Its payment system is used by vending machines, shops, street vendors and local transit systems. It hosts apps, or 'Mini Programs,' that allow you to hail a ride or book a doctor's appointment without a separate app. If you attend a job fair, there's a good chance you'll scan a WeChat QR code to send in your resume. The list goes on.
WeChat, made by Chinese tech giant Tencent Group, first launched in 2011 - two years after WhatsApp. The major difference is that WeChat has grown from its roots in chatting to grow into a "super-app" that, for users, scratches all the same itches as Facebook, Venmo, Uber, and other services to which Americans are well-accustomed.In fact, in China, it's basically impossible to do anything without access to WeChat: It's used to pay for food, order from shops, and is beginning to be used as a virtual ID for social security by the Chinese government, according to the South China Morning Post.A report published by Tencent in 2018 says WeChat aims to embed itself in "every moment of the user's daily life, from morning till night, anytime, anywhere." Kimberly Whitler, a marketing professor at the University of Virginia's Darden School of Business, says that it's pretty close to its goal.
"I take a group of students there in May and the first thing we do is download WeChat," Whitler said. "You have to use WeChat to function in China," where American-made services from Facebook and Google are blocked.
The rise of WeChat has put American tech titans on notice: Back in 2017, the Wall Street Journal reported that Chinese users were less afraid to ditch their iPhones, because they're so reliant on WeChat anyway. And earlier this year, Mark Zuckerberg articulated a new vision for Facebook that attracted immediate comparisons to WeChat, thanks to its focus on payments and private group chats.Amid all of this hubbub, we took a closer look at WeChat. Here's a look at the app that China relies on, and that Silicon Valley is looking to for inspiration:
When you first open up WeChat, it looks a lot like WhatsApp. Beneath the surface, though, the "Discover" button opens up a Facebook-style newsfeed, while "Mini Programs" is your gateway to specialized apps that let you order food or hail a ride.
The key to WeChat's success is its QR code scanner, which has allowed it to become the dominant payments app in China.
WeChat QR codes are pushing China into becoming a cashless society. Even its street vendors use WeChat Pay to sell vegetables.
WeChat's QR codes are literally everywhere, going beyond payments — some public bathrooms in China even need you to scan one just to use toilet paper.
WeChat's "Mini Programs" are a dream for users, but might be Apple's biggest nightmare in China.
WeChat's more social features include a Facebook-like 'moments' stream, where you share pictures, articles and personal updates.
There's also a 'search' stream that looks a lot like Twitter, where you can find articles, official accounts, and trending topics.
You can also find whimsical stickers like 'fatty deities' or 'silly piggy' on chat, which don't seem to serve a practical purpose, but they have boosted local artists to fame.
WeChat is home to all kinds of communities, including buy-and-sell groups where payments are handled via WeChat Pay. There are even WeChat influencers, who hawk products for sale via the app.
You can also find Yelp-like neighborhood reviews and recommendations, with listings well outside China — this is what it looks like when we tried it in the San Francisco Bay Area.
Notably missing from the app: Advertisements.
The app's success is increasingly global: Some American institutions have started to cater to WeChat users with their own Mini Programs.
But using WeChat in the US is difficult, as WeChat Pay is not available in the US and language can be a barrier.
And to address the elephant in the room, it isn't clear to what degree Chinese censorship laws are applied to WeChat users in the US.
On a lighter note, I wanted to highlight "Shake," a quirky WeChat feature which helps you find new friends by matching you with somebody, anywhere in the world, who is shaking their phone at the exact same time that you are.
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