How to make every potion in Minecraft and enhance them

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How to make every potion in Minecraft and enhance them
There are over a dozen unique potions to make in Minecraft.Mojang; William Antonelli/Insider
  • To make potions in Minecraft, you'll need a Brewing Stand, Blaze Powder, and Water Bottles.
  • Potions can give your Minecraft character super-strength, speed, invisibility, and more.
  • You can also use spider eyes to make "corrupted" potions, which will hurt instead of heal.
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From living skeletons to entire dimensions filled with demons, Minecraft is filled with magic. And luckily, it's not hard to harness some of that magic for yourself.

Not only can you power up your armor and weapons with enchantments, but you can also brew potions to give yourself powerful new abilities. These potions can enhance your speed, strength, health — you can even make yourself invisible. If you're going to invade a pillager outpost, or step into a no-holds-barred multiplayer battle, you'll want some potions in your inventory.

But potions can do more than help you — they can hurt others as well. Normal potions will hurt enemies, and "corrupted" potions will hurt other players. And with a little bit of gunpowder, you can turn any potion into a bomb.

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Here's how to brew potions in Minecraft, including recipes for every kind of potion.

What you'll need to make potions in Minecraft

Before you can brew any potions, you'll need a place to make them, fuel, and bottles. Let's start from the top.

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You'll brew your potions using a Brewing Stand, which you can craft by combining one Blaze Rod with three cobblestone blocks. Place the Blaze Rod in the middle of the crafting table, and put one cobblestone block in each of the bottom row slots. You can get Blaze Rods by killing Blazes, fire creatures that live in The Nether.

How to make every potion in Minecraft and enhance them
Place the Blaze Rod on top of a row of cobblestone.Mojang; William Antonelli/Insider

You can also find Brewing Stands out in the world in village churches, igloos, and end ships, but it's much easier to craft one yourself.

You'll also need fuel for the Brewing Stand: Blaze Powder. It only takes one Blaze Rod to craft a Brewing Stand, but you should pick up as many as possible, since placing one Blaze Rod onto your crafting table will earn you two units of Blaze Powder. Every unit of Blaze Powder lasts for about 10 potions, so you'll want a healthy supply.

Next, you'll need Water Bottles to turn into potions. You can get bottles by combining three pieces of glass, by killing witches, or randomly when fishing. Once you've got a bottle, just use it on a water source block to fill it up.

Quick tip: If you plan on brewing a lot of potions, you'll want a water source nearby to quickly refill bottles. Consider building your lab near a pond, lake, or ocean.

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Finally, you'll need Nether Warts. You can find these growing in any Nether Fortress, and they're what you'll use to turn regular Water Bottles into potions.

Once you've got all that, you're ready to get started.

How to make potions in Minecraft

There are a few steps you'll need to take to make a potion. First, we'll turn your regular water bottle into an "Awkward Potion."

Place down your Brewing Stand and open up its menu. Place your Blaze Powder in the top-left fuel slot, place your Nether Warts in the slot on top, and place your water bottle in one of the three slots below.

How to make every potion in Minecraft and enhance them
The potion you get depends on what ingredients you put in.Mojang; William Antonelli/Insider

It'll start brewing automatically, and you'll see the arrow icon next to the slots start to fill up with white. Once it fills up all the way, you'll lose one Nether Wart and your Water Bottle will turn into an Awkward Potion.

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The Awkward Potion doesn't have any effects on its own. But it's what you'll use to make nearly every other potion in the game.

Open your Brewing Stand back up and refuel it with Blaze Powder if you need, then place your Awkward Potion in one of the bottom slots. You'll then need to fill the top slot with a certain item, depending on what kind of potion you want to make.

Here's a list of every "positive" potion in the game, and what ingredient you'll need to make it.

Type of potionEffectIngredient you'll needWhere to find it / How to make it
Potion of HealingInstantly heals two hearts of healthGlistering Melon SliceCombine a Melon Slice with eight Gold Nuggets
Potion of Fire ResistanceBecome immune to fire, lava, magma, and blaze damage for three minutesMagma CreamKill Large or Small Magma Cubes (25 percent chance), combine Blaze Powder and a Slimeball, or raid Bastion Remnant treasure chests
Potion of RegenerationRestores a half-heart of health every 2.5 seconds, for 45 secondsGhast TearKill Ghasts (30 percent chance)
Potion of StrengthIncreases your melee damage by 1.5 hearts, for three minutesBlaze PowderPlace Blaze Rods onto a Crafting Table
Potion of SwiftnessIncreases movement speed and jump length by 20 percent, for three minutesSugarPlace Sugar Cane onto a Crafting Table
Potion of Night VisionLets you see the entire world (including underwater) at the maximum light level for three minutesGolden CarrotCombine a Carrot with eight Gold Nuggets
Potion of InvisibilityMakes you invisible for three minutes, but weapons and equipped items are still visibleFermented Spider Eye AND Potion of Night Vision*Combine a Brown Mushroom, Sugar, and Spider Eye
Potion of Water BreathingLets you breathe underwater for three minutesPufferfishKill Pufferfish
Potion of LeapingIncreases your jump height by a half-block for three minutesRabbit's FootKill Rabbits (10 percent chance)
Potion of Slow FallingMakes you float to the ground instead of falling for one minute and 30 secondsPhantom MembraneKill Phantoms
Potion of the Turtle MasterReduces movement speed by 60 percent and raises defense by 60 percent, for twenty secondsTurtle ShellCombine five Scutes

*In this case, you'll use a Potion of Night Vision in place of the Awkward Potion

Put the ingredient you need into the top slot of your Brewing Stand, and in a few moments you'll have the potion you picked.

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You can make up to three potions of the same type at once — just fill each of the bottom slots with a different bottle. You'll also need at least three units of whatever ingredient you're using.

How to make every potion in Minecraft and enhance them
The orange bar above your potions shows how much fuel is left.Mojang; William Antonelli/Insider

How to make 'corrupted' potions

Potions aren't always good. Minecraft also offers a variety of "corrupted" potions, each of which comes with negative effects instead of positive ones.

The main ingredients (what you'll put in the top slot) of corrupted potions are Spider Eyes and Fermented Spider Eyes. You can get Spider Eyes by killing Spiders, and you can ferment them by combining the eyes with a Brown Mushroom and Sugar.

How to make every potion in Minecraft and enhance them
Negative potions can harm your character.Mojang; William Antonelli/Insider

Here's a list of all four corrupted potions, and how to make them.

Type of potionEffectWhat you'll need
Potion of PoisonDrains health by a half-heart every 2.5 seconds, for 45 secondsA Spider Eye and Awkward Potion
Potion of WeaknessDecreases melee strength by two hearts, for one minute and 30 secondsA Fermented Spider Eye and Water Bottle
Potion of HarmingInstantly inflicts three hearts of damageA Fermented Spider Eye and Potion of Healing or Potion of Poison
Potion of SlownessSlows movement speed by 15 percent, for one minute and 30 secondsA Fermented Spider Eye and Potion of Swiftness or Potion of Leaping

How to enhance your potions

Once you've brewed your potions, there are a few different ways to enhance them. In general, enhancements can either make your potion stronger or last longer.

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How to make every potion in Minecraft and enhance them
You can upgrade your potions' effects.Mojang; William Antonelli/Insider

Place Redstone Dust in the top slot of your Brewing Stand, and place your potion in one of the bottom slots to extend how long the potion's effect lasts. This works for:

Type of potionChange in duration
Potion of Fire ResistanceGoes from three minutes to eight minutes
Potion of RegenerationGoes from 45 seconds to one minute and 30 seconds
Potion of StrengthGoes from three minutes to eight minutes
Potion of SwiftnessGoes from three minutes to eight minutes
Potion of Night VisionGoes from three minutes to eight minutes
Potion of InvisibilityGoes from three minutes to eight minutes
Potion of Water BreathingGoes from three minutes to eight minutes
Potion of LeapingGoes from three minutes to eight minutes
Potion of Slow FallingGoes from one minute and 30 seconds to four minutes
Potion of the Turtle MasterGoes from 20 seconds to 40 seconds
Potion of PoisonGoes from 45 seconds to one minute and 30 seconds
Potion of WeaknessGoes from one minute and 30 seconds to four minutes
Potion of SlownessGoes from one minute and 30 seconds to four minutes

On the flipside, you can put Glowstone Dust in the top slot to make your potions stronger, but usually last for less time. This works for:

Type of potionChange in effectChange in duration
Potion of HealingGoes from healing two hearts to four heartsNo change, instant
Potion of RegenerationGoes from healing a half-heart every 2.5 seconds to a half-heart every 1.2 secondsGoes from 45 seconds to 22 seconds
Potion of StrengthGoes from increasing melee damage by 1.5 hearts to increasing melee damage by three heartsGoes from three minutes to one minute and 30 seconds
Potion of SwiftnessGoes from increasing movement speed by 20 percent to increasing movement speed by 40 percentGoes from three minutes to one minute and 30 seconds
Potion of LeapingGoes from increasing jump height by a half-block to increasing jump height by 1.25 blocksGoes from three minutes to one minute and 30 seconds
Potion of the Turtle MasterGoes from reducing movement speed by 60 percent and raising defense by 60 percent to reducing movement speed by 90 percent and raising defense by 80 percentNo change, stays at 20 seconds
Potion of PoisonGoes from draining health by a half-heart every 2.5 seconds to draining health by a half-heart every 1.2 secondsGoes from 45 seconds to 21 seconds
Potion of HarmingGoes from draining three hearts to draining six heartsNo change, instant
Potion of SlownessGoes from slowing movement speed by 15 percent to slowing movement speed by 60 percentGoes from one minute and 30 seconds to 20 seconds

You'll find Redstone Dust by breaking a Redstone Ore block with an Iron Pickaxe or better. To get Glowstone Dust, just break a Glowstone.

Finally, you can transform any potion into a Splash Potion, and then into a Lingering Potion.

A Splash Potion is like a bomb — throw it at an enemy or another player, and they'll take its effects instead of you. To make a Splash Potion, use Gunpowder as your ingredient in the top slot.

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Lingering Potions take it to the next level. If a potion is Lingering, once you throw it, it'll explode into a cloud of smoke. Anyone who stands inside of the smoke will gain the potion's effects for a short amount of time. You can make Lingering Potions by using Dragon's Breath as your top slot ingredient.

How to make every potion in Minecraft and enhance them
The smoke cloud caused by a Lingering Potion of Poison will hurt anyone caught inside.Mojang; William Antonelli/Insider

Quick tip: Creepers, Ghasts, and Witches drop Gunpowder. To find Dragon's Breath, you'll need to use an empty Glass Bottle on the Ender Dragon's flame breath or fireballs.

Of course, Splash and Lingering Potions are great to use on other players. But be careful when using them on undead enemies like Zombies — undead enemies take damage from healing potions, will heal from harming potions, and are unaffected by poison.

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