Renting a U-Haul to move out of California can be 4 times more expensive than moving in due to high demand
- Moving-truck rates from California are wildly expensive thanks to high demand, according to Mark Perry, a professor of economics and finance at the University of Michigan-Flint, and Jalopnik.
- Business Insider reviewed U-Haul and Budget Truck Rental rates to and from California and found a huge increase in price to leave the state over the same time frame.
- U-Haul and Budget moving-truck rental rates were between two and five times as expensive to leave California than to move into it, Business Insider found.
- Perry wasn’t so quick to blame the demand on the COVID-19 pandemic or the recent wildfires, however. He said California has historically been a top outbound state.
An easy way to determine who's moving where is to look up moving-truck rates to and from cities. And the moving-truck rates from California cities — well, they're high. Certainly higher than rates from other cities to California.
The trend was first pointed out by Mark J. Perry, a professor of finance and business economics at the University of Michigan-Flint, who tweeted: "Leaving California is getting expensive due to high demand and a shortage of available trucks. Moving to California is getting really cheap due to low demand and a surplus of available trucks."
—Mark J. Perry (@Mark_J_Perry) September 14, 2020
Not long after, Jalopnik reported similarly, where an apparent increase in demand is causing moving-truck rates out of California to spike. Perry said higher outbound prices from California are a long-term trend that's "not necessarily related" to the COVID-19 pandemic or wildfires, but Business Insider took a look at rental-truck rates for ourselves. Here's what we found.
With a September 30 departure date, U-Haul moving truck rates from Austin, Texas, to Los Angeles, California, ranged from $711 for a 10-foot truck to $935 for a 26-foot truck.
Rates on the reverse route, Los Angeles to Austin, over the same period of time ranged from $1,883 for the same 10-foot truck to $3,964 for the 26-foot truck. These prices amounted to between a two- and fourfold difference from the other way around.
Over at Budget Truck Rental, it was the same story.
Also on a September 30 departure date, rates from Austin to San Francisco, California, ranged from $459 for a 12-foot truck to $976.50 for a 26-foot truck.
Rates from San Francisco to Austin increased to $2,154.60 for the 12-foot truck and $5,420.70 for the 26-foot truck. These prices amounted to about a whopping fivefold difference from the opposite trip.
It should be noted that one-way rentals are historically more expensive than round-trip ones. But a U-Haul spokesperson told Jalopnik that "it is reasonable to conclude there is far greater demand for one-way equipment in the market reflecting higher costs for departures."
Business Insider has reached out to U-Haul and Budget, asking for additional data that would suggest a spike in demand, how long they predict this demand will last, and elaboration on how rental rates are determined.
Budget has yet to respond, but a spokesperson from U-Haul provided Business Insider with the same statement it did Jalopnik:
U-Haul utilizes a proprietary rates and distribution system. Our management team considers many factors when determining pricing for equipment rentals from one location to another, not the least of which is supply and demand.
We strive to make our equipment available at the lowest cost to everyone, regardless of where customers are traveling in the U.S. or Canada. However, managing the allocation of our fleet and seeing that DIY moving equipment is available at all our 22,000-plus rental locations can, and does, lead to lower pricing when traveling to certain markets at given times. When there is a substantial difference in pricing for the same one-way equipment between two markets for the same dates, it is reasonable to conclude there is far greater demand for one-way equipment in the market reflecting higher costs for departures.
It's not clear if the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, lockdown measures, and the biggest wildfire in California's history are causing the spike, but Perry wasn't so quick to pin the blame on current events.
Perry told Business Insider in an email that the rates leaving California have been much higher than the rates into California for many years, and that state-to-state migration patterns indicate California has been among the top outbound states "for at least several years." This is consistent with U-Haul truck rates, Perry said.
In a November 2019 blog post for the American Enterprise Institute, Perry wrote that California was the fourth-ranked top outbound state.
"So, this is a long-term trend that's not necessarily related to COVID or wildfires," Perry told Business Insider. "It reflects a trend of companies and households leaving CA for states like Texas, Arizona, and Nevada for lower taxes, lower housing costs, lower energy costs, and more business-friendly environments."
"As companies leave CA and job opportunities fall, households leave for better job prospects in other states. So, I think businesses leaving CA is what drives households leaving, and many rent U-Haul trucks to relocate."
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