Those who violate Coronavirus lockdown could be jailed for 2 years and fined
- Prime Minister Narendra Modi has announced a 21-day nationwide lockdown.
- The Disaster Management Act specifies the penalties for violations during the lockdown.
- Follow the comprehensive coverage of the Coronavirus pandemic and its impact, and other useful resources that can help you in the fight on Business Insider India.
While announcing the lockdown, Modi insisted that everyone adheres to the lockdown. “If we do not adhere to the 21-day lockdown, the next 21 years will be affected. And many families will be destroyed,” he said.
What does a lockdown mean?
A lockdown is an emergency protocol that restricts people from leaving an area. People are required to stay where they are and not leave the building or the given area until it is lifted.
Only essential services are allowed to operate during the lockdown. People are also prohibited from gathering at one place. The maximum number of persons allowed can vary from state to state, but it is generally in the range of 2-4 people.
Penalties for violating the lockdown
The National Disaster Management Authority issued an order to the state governments to take effective measures and ensure strict implementation of the lockdown.
These guidelines also specified penalties for violators and those spreading fake information about the pandemic.
|Sec 51 - Obstruction||Imprisonment up to two years, or fine, or both|
|Sec 52 - False claim||Imprisonment up to two years with fine|
|Sec 53 - Misappropriation of money or materials||Imprisonment up to two years with fine|
|Sec 54 - False warning||Imprisonment up to one year, or fine|
|Sec 55 - Offences by Departments of Government||Determined on a case to case basis|
|Sec 56 - Failure of officer in duty, etc||Imprisonment up to one year, or fine|
|Sec 57 - Contravention of any order regarding requisitioning||Imprisonment up to one year, or fine|
|Sec 58 - Offences by companies||Determined on a case to case basis|
Here is what will count as a violation
Section 51 – Obstruction
If you obstruct a government officer or employee from carrying out his duties or refuse to comply with any directions issued under the act.
Section 52 – False claim
This section will be applied when you make a false claim in person, in writing or on social media that you know is false to obtain relief or assistance from the government or NDMA.
Section 53 – Misappropriation of money or materials
This section will be applicable if you misappropriate money or material meant for relief efforts during the disaster for your own benefit.
Section 54 – False warning
If you share or circulate false information about the disaster or its severity, leading to panic, this section will be applicable.
Section 55 – Offences by Departments of Government
This section deals with the offences by departments of the government during the disaster.
Section 56 – Failure of officer in duty
This section is applicable when a government officer on duty fails to perform his duties relating to the lockdown or withdraws from performing duties.
Section 57 – Contravention of order regarding requisitioning
The Disaster Management Act allows NDMA to requisition any resource, including building and vehicles to carry out its duties to contain the disaster. This section will be applied if someone fails to comply with such a requisition order.
Section 58 – Offences by companies
This section is applicable when a company or body corporate commits an offence under this Act.
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