The coronavirus' average incubation period is 5 days, a study shows - but in 1% of cases, it may last longer than the standard 2-week quarantine
Tayfun Coskun/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images
- The new coronavirus has killed at least 4,000 people and infected more than 116,000.
- In a new study, scientists found that the virus' average incubation period - the length of time between infection and testing positive for the illness - is five days.
- The new research also showed that 97.5% of people who are infected develop symptoms within 11.5 days.
- About 1% of patients, however, show symptoms after 14 days - outside the window of the CDC's quarantine guidelines.
- Visit Business Insider's homepage for more stories.
Since the start of the coronavirus outbreak, researchers have been racing to answer a critical question: How much time passes between when a patient gets infected and when their coronavirus test comes back positive?The estimates have been wide-ranging. According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the coronavirus' incubation period is believed to be two to 14 days. One study published in January reported six days. Another study (which has yet to be peer reviewed) suggested it could be as long as 24 days.
Their new study, published Monday in the journal Annals of Internal Medicine, suggests the coronavirus' average incubation time is five days.Typically, the end of the incubation period is marked by the onset of symptoms like coughing and fever. Figuring out how long it takes for those symptoms to appear "is particularly relevant when you're thinking about how long you actually have to monitor people to make sure that they're not infected," Lauren Ancel Meyers, a professor of integrative biology at the University of Texas at Austin, previously told Business Insider.
Nearly all infected patients show symptoms within 12 days
Ivan Romano/Getty Images
That estimate aligns well with the known incubation periods for other coronaviruses found in humans, like SARS (which also had a five-day average).
The researchers also reported that "nearly all infected persons who have symptoms will do so within 12 days of infection."
David Ryder/Getty Images
Identifying a virus' incubation period in this way is critical for modeling its spread.
"It gives you an idea of how quickly the virus could propagate, if you want to project how many patients you're going to see," Stephen Morse, an epidemiologist at Columbia University, previously told Business Insider.It also helps inform health departments about how long they need to actively monitor at-risk individuals without missing cases, the study authors wrote.
Is a 14-day quarantine long enough?The US and many other countries have formulated their quarantine policies based on a 14-day incubation period. About 800 US citizens evacuated from Wuhan were brought to military bases in nine states and put under a mandatory two-week quarantine.
But there have been concerns that this two-week period is insufficient.
Riverside County Department of Public Health
A study of six family members infected with the virus, published February 21 in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), revealed that one patient's incubation period was 19 days long.Zhong Nanshan, who discovered the SARS virus, published research on February 6 that suggested the coronavirus incubation period could be up to 24 days. That study has not yet been peer-reviewed, however.But the Johns Hopkins researchers estimated that for every 10,000 individuals quarantined for 14 days, 101 would develop symptoms after being released from quarantine - about 1%.
"Based on our analysis of publicly available data, the current recommendation of 14 days for active monitoring or quarantine is reasonable, although with that period, some cases would be missed over the long-term," senior author of the new study, Justin Lessler, said in a press release.
Lessler and his co-authors wrote that "longer monitoring periods might be justified in extreme cases."
Experts still aren't sure if people are contagious during the incubation periodSome research shows that, on rare occasions, people can pass the coronavirus to others without ever becoming ill. One woman from Wuhan spread the virus to five of her family members without showing symptoms. According to the CDC, 392 of the 705 positive coronavirus cases on the Diamond Princess cruise ships were asymptomatic.
But health experts still aren't sure whether people are contagious during the virus' incubation period.
That type of cryptic, or undetected, transmission impacts the spread of the disease, he told CNN.A recent study of the coronavirus' genome in the US revealed that this kind of cryptic transmission could have been happening for the last seven weeks within Washington state, where 23 people have died and nearly 180 have been infected.
Featured Digital Health Articles:
- Telehealth Industry: Benefits, Services & Examples
- Value-Based Care Model: Pay-for-Performance Healthcare
- Senior Care & Assisted Living Market Trends
- Smart Medical Devices: Wearable Tech in Healthcare
- AI in Healthcare
- Remote Patient Monitoring Industry: Devices & Market Trends
- Fine for not wearing masks in Goa increased to ₹200
- Here's why former RBI governor Rajan and his former deputy believe the plan to allow corporations to own banks is a 'bad idea'
- Maharashtra government wants a COVID-19 negative test report from passengers coming from Delhi, Gujarat, Rajasthan and Goa
- Himachal Pradesh imposes night curfew in Shimla, Kullu, Mandi and Kangra districts, educational institutes to remain shut till December 31
- Telangana clears the reopening of cinema halls, theatres and entertainment parks but with 50% capacity