The Terrain Mapping Camera - 2 (TMC -2) completed 220 orbits of the Moon and took images of nearly 4 million square kilometres of its surface. In its time around the Moon, the Orbiter High-Resolution Camera (OHRC) took 22 photos covering 1056 square kilometres. A part of its purview is characterising landing sites on the Moon for future missions, which means looking for boulders, mapping the elevation, and other factors to help navigate landing on the lunar surface. According to ISRO, secondary craters within the larger Peary crater have the right values to ‘ideal candidates for bearing water-ice’. Other craters that have the same circular polarisation ratio (CPR) shown above are likely newer and won’t be home to any form of water.Chandrayaan-2’s lander, Vikram, crash-landed on the Moon after detaching from the orbiter. Along with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s (NASA) Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO), the OHRC also took a picture of the landing site in March this year. Chandrayaan-2 Large Area Soft X-ray Spectrometer (CLASS) was watching closely when the second-largest solar flare of the year occurred on May 29. As the orbiter flew over the southern farside highlands, it caught a glimpse of aluminium and calcium down below.Not much is known about the far side of the Moon. All of the samples that were brought back during the Apollo missions were from the near side. “However, we know today that the highland compositions are more diverse than what is represented in the returned samples,” said ISRO. Lunar lobate scarps — newly formed small landforms, which are long angle thrust faults — are not easy to detect because of their small size. TMC-2 discovered one such scrap in the Mare Fecunditatis region on the Moon.The image indicates that the length of the scarp is 1416 metres. The average relief variation across the scarp is 24 metres. According to ISRO, This lobate scarp could have been formed in the Copernican period, 1.1 billion years ago.