The Apollo moon program's Mission Control Center has been restored and opened to the public. Check out the 1969 time capsule.
- NASA's Apollo Mission Control Center, which oversaw the Apollo 11 moon landing in 1969, has been restored and opened to visitors in Houston, Texas.
- The restoration effort took six years and $5 million. The room is now filled with original or historically accurate consoles, paint, and buttons.
- The screens show data and images from the Apollo 11 moon landing.
- Here's what the room looks like.
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Exactly 50 years ago, on July 16, 1969, NASA staff in the Mission Control Center at Johnson Space Center celebrated as Apollo 11 astronauts Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, and Michael Collins successfully blasted off of Earth, headed for the moon.
Armstrong and Aldrin stepped foot onto the lunar surface four days later, again with help from Mission Control.
The fateful control room in Houston, Texas (that's who astronauts are talking to when they communicate with "Houston") was used to direct 42 space missions in total, starting with Gemini IV in 1965. Flight controllers in Mission Control monitored all the Apollo moon missions, including the first moonwalk. After the last space shuttle launch in 1992, NASA moved to a different control room and, later, a new building.
Over time, consoles were unplugged, paint chipped, wallpaper peeled, and equipment fell into disrepair. People with building access even occasionally popped in to eat lunch there or take buttons as souvenirs, as the New York Times reported.
But after six years and $5 million in investment, a team has restored Mission Control to its former glory. The space opened to the public on July 1, 2019 and now lives on today as it looked during Apollo 11.
Here's what the room was like then, and what it's like to visit now.
The restored Apollo Mission Control Center has been reupholstered and decorated with historically accurate details — including rotary phones, coffee mugs, and cigarettes — to look just as it did in July 1969.
In total, 400,000 people worked on the Apollo programs, and Mission Control was at the center of it all (on Earth, at least).
The flight controllers in that room waved American flags as the Apollo 11 astronauts splashed down safely on Earth on July 24, 1969.
Just one year ago, Mission Control looked like this. The empty room's carpet was worn and stained. Monitors' had been scratched. Metal appeared rusted, and the screens at the front of the room were broken.
Many buttons and dials had gone missing, since visitors sought out souvenirs.
Gene Kranz, an Apollo-era flight director who later became the director of NASA flight operations, told the Times that he had to clean up trash before giving any tours.
Because the room was used throughout the space-shuttle program in the 1990s, much of the original equipment from the Apollo era had been replaced.
"Alumni who worked in flight control during the Apollo era had been advocating for years to do something about the state of the room," William Harris, president and CEO of Space Center Houston, told Houstonia Magazine. In 2013, Kranz and others decided to pursue a restoration project.
Restoring the Mission Control Center was not easy — funding was the hardest part. The group needed $5 million to get the room back in shape.
Restoration work started in July 2017. Photos from the 1960s helped the restoration team recreate the aesthetic of the Apollo era. They tracked down the consoles' original green paint and found extra viewing-room wallpaper hidden behind a fire extinguisher.
The restorers hunted down old equipment and other vintage items. The group placed a box in the Space Center lobby with a note asking NASA employees to return anything they had from the Apollo era.
"People came out of the woodwork from all over the place to give us items from that time that they thought would help," Harris said.
Today, the restored Mission Control Center boasts historically accurate coat racks, ash trays, flight-control manuals, and a coffee station to make the room feel like a time capsule.
Recreating the information displayed on monitors and screens was especially challenging. According to a Space Center Houston blog post, "photographs and films provided some clues, but many focused on the flight controllers and not the screens."
Today, the five large screens at the front of the room display recreations of the images seen during during the Apollo 11 moon landing. The smaller consoles display data used that day.
Mission Control opened to visitors on July 1. Jennifer Keys, the restoration team's project manager, described the project as a "herculean effort," according to the Times.
"It was dazzling," Kranz told Times of his first visit to the restored room. "You couldn't believe this. All of a sudden you were 50 years younger and you wanted to work in there. I wanted back in that room to work."
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