6 ways to lower uric acid levels naturally
- To lower uric acid levels, you can eat less purines in your diet, get more vitamin C, limit alcohol and sugary drinks, drink more coffee, and try to maintain a healthy weight.
- If you're taking certain medications for other
healthconditions, stopping them may also help lower your uric acid levels.
- It's important to lower uric acid levels to reduce your risk of gout and some types of kidney stones.
- This article was medically reviewed by Dr. Jennifer Linehan, a urologist who is an associate professor of urologic oncology at the John Wayne Cancer Institute at Providence Saint John's Health Center.
View all Offers
OnePlus Nord 2 5G (Gray Sierra, 8GB RAM, 128GB Storage) I Extra upto Rs.1000 off on Exchange₹ 29999Buy On
- 19% OFF
Redmi Note 10 (Aqua Green, 4GB RAM, 64GB Storage) -Amoled Dot Display | 48MP Sony Sensor IMX582 | Snapdragon 678 Processor₹ 12999₹ 15999Buy On
OnePlus Nord 2 5G (Blue Haze, 8GB RAM, 128GB Storage) I Extra upto Rs.1000 off on Exchange₹ 29999Buy On
- 18% OFF
Redmi 9A (Nature Green, 2GB RAM, 32GB Storage) | 2GHz Octa-core Helio G25 Processor | 5000 mAh Battery₹ 6999₹ 8499Buy On
- 18% OFF
Redmi 9 (Carbon Black, 4GB RAM, 64GB Storage) | 2.3GHz Mediatek Helio G35 Octa core Processor₹ 8999₹ 10999Buy On
What is uric acid?Uric acid is produced when your body breaks down chemicals called purines. Uric acid is meant to be a waste product: It dissolves in your bloodstream, flows through your kidneys, and leaves your body in your urine.
You may have an increased risk for high uric acid levels if you have:
- Been undergoing chemotherapy or radiation treatment for cancer
1. Eat foods with less purines
Purines are chemicals that are naturally produced by your body and are also found in certain foods. Animal purines from meat and seafood can especially affect your uric acid level."Most people eat more [purines] than they think," says Dr. Monya De, an internist in Los Angeles. The following foods contain high amounts of purine, so those seeking to lower their uric acid level should avoid or limit eating them:
- Organ meat like liver or kidneys
- Shellfish and oily fish such as anchovies and tuna
- Some vegetables, including asparagus, mushrooms, and spinach
On the other hand, the following foods contain low amounts of purine, so eating them won't increase your uric acid level:
- Nuts and peanut butter
- Low-fat or nonfat dairy products including cheese, milk, and yogurt
- Cherries and other fruits
Following a healthy diet can also help lower your uric acid levels. For example, a 2016 study published in the American College of Rheumatology journal Arthritis & Rheumatology found that following the DASH diet for 30 days helped people with prehypertension and hypertension lower their uric acid level by as much as 1.3 mg/dL.
2. Get more vitamin CResearchers have found that vitamin C may help lower your uric acid levels. In a 2005 study published in Arthritis & Rheumatism, participants who took 500-mg vitamin C supplements daily for two months had significantly lower uric acid levels — an average drop of 0.5 mg/dL — than participants who took placebos.
For people who already have gout, however, the same may not be true. A 2013 study published in Arthritis & Rheumatism found that participants with gout who took 500 mg of vitamin C daily for eight weeks did not significantly lower their uric acid levels.
In addition, if you have had kidney stones, you should talk to your doctor about your vitamin C intake, as it may increase your risk of stone formation.
3. Limit alcohol and sugary drinksDrinking beer and liquor appears to raise your uric acid level, according to the Third US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey published in Arthritis Care & Research.
"The dehydration from alcohol can be a reason for high levels, plus alcohol independently stops the body from urinating away uric acid due to an interaction with higher lactic acid levels," De says.Soft drinks that contain sugar or high-fructose corn syrup were also linked to increased uric acid levels, according to results from the same survey. When your body breaks down the fructose, a natural sugar in these drinks, it produces purines, which then produce uric acid.
To help lower your uric acid level, you should stay away from these drinks:
- Soft drinks with sugar or high-fructose corn syrup
- Juices with high-fructose corn syrup
4. Drink coffeeCoffee contains an antioxidant called chlorogenic acid that can lower your uric acid levels and may even prevent gout. For example, men in a 2007 study who said they drank four to five cups of coffee a day had a 40% lower relative risk of gout when compared with men who didn't drink coffee.
Drinking up to about four cups of brewed coffee each day appears to be safe for healthy adults, the Mayo Clinic reports. But drinking more could lead to caffeine-related side effects like headaches, insomnia, and nervousness.
5. Try to lose weight
In addition to avoiding certain foods and drinks, losing weight can also lower your uric acid level. Being overweight or obese makes your kidneys less efficient at eliminating uric acid through your urine. The risk of getting gout is 10 times as high for people who are obese as it is for people who are at a healthy weight.A 2017 study published in Oncotarget of 4,678 people in China with high uric acid levels found that those who lost more than 22 pounds over two years had "significantly" lower uric acid levels. This was especially true for obese middle-age men.
For overweight and obese people who have gout, a 2017 review of 907 patients from 10 studies found that those who lost from 6 to 75 pounds lowered their uric acid level by about 0.3 to 1.9 mg/dL.
6. Don't take certain medications
Some medications may raise your uric acid level because they cause you to produce less urine. These medications, available with a prescription, include the following:
- Diuretics, also called water pills, such as Demadex (torsemide), Microzide (hydrochlorothiazide), and Thalitone (chlorthalidone)
- Antituberculosis antibiotics such as Rifater (pyrazinamide) and Myambutol (ethambutol)
- Immunosuppressant drugs such as Gengraf (cyclosporine)
Research has found that watching what you eat and maintaining a healthy weight can help lower your uric acid level. For some people, however, that may not be enough, and you will also need to take medications that can effectively reduce uric acid levels. If you have gout, your doctor may prescribe medications that dissolve uric acid crystals.
Related stories from Health Reference:
- Fino Payments Bank files papers for ₹1,300 crore IPO
- OfBusiness, a platform that helps SMEs get raw materials, becomes the newest unicorn from India
- Tokyo Olympics: India's P V Sindhu loses to world number one Tai Tzu Ying of Chinese Taipei in the semis
- Droom founder explains why he is considering a US IPO and where he intends to spend the money
- 21 new COVID-19 cases reported at Tokyo Olympics, no athletes among them