The US was short some 36,500 drivers in 2016, according to a 2017 report by the American Trucking Association (ATA).
The ongoing truck driver shortage became more pronounced in 2018 following the implementation of ELDs. The law "has drastically limited the flexibility drivers can build into their activity and tightened the constraints that diminish their operating efficiency," Andrew Lynch, the co-founder and president of Zipline Logistics, told Business Insider.
Shippers in general are pressed to find trucks to move their freight. In June 2018, there were 9.9 van loads to every available truck, compared to 5.6 in June 2017.
To bid for drivers, shippers have upped their freight rates to record highs. Trucking companies have increased wages to recruit more and take advantage of this booming time in the freight world.
For the end consumer, prices have gone up for many everyday products. Hormel Foods, which owns Skippy, Muscle Milk, and other food brands, General Mills, the owner of brands like Häagen-Dazs, and Betty Crocker, and Tyson Foods all said earlier this year that they raised some of their prices to offset high shipping costs.
When Amazon increased the price of a Prime membership in April, they attributed the soar of shipping costs in Q1: a 38% increase year-over-year.
Read more: There's a critical shortage of truck drivers in the US, and it's causing everything from delayed Amazon orders to more expensive groceries