Victoria Claflin Woodhull, a leader of the woman's suffrage movement, became the first female candidate for president of the United States in 1872. African-American abolitionist and writer Frederick Douglass was her running mate.
Since then, several other women have run for US president, including "Surprise Party" candidate Gracie Allen, who ran a satirical campaign in 1940, and most recently Former Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton, who lost to President-elect Donald Trump on Tuesday.
Though Clinton came close to joining one of the 59 other countries that have had a woman leader, women have yet to shatter the country's ultimate glass ceiling.
Vice president of the United States
Geraldine Anne Ferraro, a lawyer, Democratic Party politician, and member of the US House of Representatives, became the first female vice-presidential candidate for a major American political party in 1984. Democratic presidential candidate Walter Mondale selected her to be his running mate in the election against Republican candidate Ronald Reagan; they lost.
Since then, Sarah Palin has been the only female vice presidential candidate of a major party; she lost in 2008 with running mate and Republican presidential candidate John McCain.
Head coach of a major sports team
In 2014, Becky Hammon became the first full-time female coach in the NBA, as well as the first full-time female coach in any of the four major professional sports in the US, as an assistant coach for the San Antonio Spurs.
More women have taken on coaching roles since then, including Nancy Lieberman, who is an assistant coach for the Sacramento Kings, and Jennifer Welter, the NFL's first female coach. But none have ascended to the position of head coach of a major sports team yet.
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
In 1981, President Ronald Reagan appointed Sandra Day O'Connor to become the first female justice of the US Supreme Court. Since then, three other women have become justices: Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Sonia Sotomayor, and Elena Kagan. No woman has yet ascended the ranks from justice to chief justice.
Since its founding in 1908, the FBI has been led by 18 directors, none of which have been women. Similarly, of the 19 directors that have led the CIA and the Intelligence Community since 1946, all have been men.
Another intelligence agency, the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, saw its first female director, Letitia A. Long, take the lead in 2010.
Senate Majority Leader
Of the thousands of people who have served in the US Senate since the US Congress convened in 1789, only 46 have been women, not including the four women Senator-elects who will take office in January. None have yet been elected to serve as the chief Senate spokesperson for their political party by their respective party caucuses.
In the Catholic Church, only men can receive the sacrament of Holy Orders, through which they become members of the clergy as bishops, priests, or deacons.
Nuns are not members of the clergy, since they do not receive the sacrament of Holy Orders.
Member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
It may be a while before the US sees a female chairman or member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
To become a member, you must be tapped by the president and approved by the Senate. Members tend to be decorated, four-star officers with combat command experience. There are a few female fourstar officers, including Adm. Michelle Howard of the Navy, who commanded the Captain Phillips hostage situation, and is the first African American to rise to that rank, and Gen. Ann Dunwoody, the first woman to achieve four-star rank in any service.
Women were barred by the Department of Defense from serving in combat until 2013, and and not until this year did the department open all combat jobs to women.
Secretary of Defense, Secretary of Treasury, or Secretary of Veterans Affairs
In 1933, Frances Perkins became the first woman to serve as a cabinet member, under Franklin Roosevelt, as the secretary of Labor. Since then, 47 other women have held a cabinet or cabinet-level appointments in US history.
The only cabinet-level positions a woman has yet to hold are secretary of defense, secretary of treasury, and secretary of veterans affairs.
California, Nevada, Idaho, Colorado, North Dakota, South Dakota, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Arkansas, Wisconsin, Illinois, Tennessee, Mississippi, Indiana, Georgia, Florida, West Virginia, Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, New York, Maine.
In 1925, Nellie Tayloe Ross became the first woman in the US to be elected governor, and since then 37 other women have served as governor.
CEO of a top-5 Fortune 500 company
Based on total revenues for their respective fiscal years, Fortune magazine ranks the most powerful companies in the US. The top five companies in 2015 were McKesson (No. 5), Berkshire Hathaway (No. 4), Apple (No. 3), Exxon Mobil (No. 2), and Walmart (No. 1), none of which have been run by men.
Coming in at No. 6 on the list, however, is General Motors, which now has Mary Barra at the helm.
Since electing its first secretary-general in 1946, the UN has yet to see a woman lead the intergovernmental organization. The UN has had eight secretaries-general, including Kofi Annan and Boutros Boutros-Ghali.