One way terrorists can get funds is by scamming banks. The key dangers are fraud and complicit employees helping terrorists gain access to bank accounts and loans.
Fraudulent loan applications provide a key source of funds for jihadists wanting to travel to Syria to join ISIS, funding their journey. A recent New York Times report on the Paris terrorist attacks notes that one future jihadist got €15,000 (£10,700, $16,200) from ING Belgium.
The UK government report adds: "The use of the banking sector by terrorists remains a threat, in particular in the context of Syria. Individuals can use cash machines/ATMs to withdraw funds in neighbouring countries where there is a formal banking sector and then carry funds into Syria."
There is also some evidence that the UK's student loan system has been abused to fund terrorism, according to the report. But it concludes that the banking system is only a "medium" risk — the funds raised through these means are comparatively low.
5. Selling antiques and artifacts
ISIS has wasted no time in looting the heritage of the parts of Syria and Iraq it has taken control of.
Many of these "blood antiques" are thought to end up on the market in London, according to The Guardian, one of the biggest international markets.
Terrorist organisations enjoy a stream of donations from supporters in countries around the world.
These can either take the form of small operators collecting from local communities or, largely in the Gulf states, big ticket donations.
"Private donations originating from the Gulf are a vital funding stream for AQ [Al Qaeda] and AQ affiliated groups," according to the report.
In the case of small operators, the report notes that there are some instances of fundraisers abusing the charity sector. In one case in 2013, two men were convicted of "fraudulently presenting themselves as charity fundraisers using high visibility vests and collections buckets bearing the name of the charity Muslim Aid."
Once raised, donations are passed to a network of facilitators who move the money to terrorist groups without detection.
They do this by making a series of small transfers at money transfer shops, small enough to not need identification documents, or by using cash couriers who take the funds across borders on their person.
The UK government's report estimates ISIS raised an estimated $35 million (£23 million) to $45 million (£29.8 million) between September 2013 and September 2014 through ransoming hostages.
Al Qaeda is even more prolific, raising at least $125 million (£82.9 million) from kidnappings since 2008, including $66 million (£43.8 million) just in 2013, according to the New York Times.
As well as oil, ISIS territory gives it access to other revenue streams others groups don't have — taxation.
ISIS is thought to make as much as $900 million (£597 million) a year from residents and businessmen in its territory, according to a recent New York Times investigation. ISIS charges import taxes, rent for businesses, fines for breaking laws, utility bills, and income tax.
Taxation is thought to be the group's main source of revenue.