Drone photos of Mumbai reveal the places where extreme poverty meets extreme wealth
At the same time, more than half of the city's population lives in slums, or areas of extreme poverty that often lack access to clean water, electricity, and public transportation. With an estimated 6.5 million people residing in these conditions, Mumbai has the largest slum population of any city in the world.
This disparity is not unique to India. As cities around the world become denser and more urbanized, the gaps between rich and poor have widened to intolerable extremes.
But unlike in many cities, Mumbai's slums sit at the heart of economy activity in the urban core. This has resulted in a unique geography, wherein packed single-story dwellings border the city's expensive high-rise buildings.
In his ongoing photo series, Unequal Scenes, photographer Johnny Miller captures the troubling inequality of Mumbai, whose remarkable progress has given way to many unfortunate side effects.
The top 1% of India's population holds nearly three quarters of the nation's wealth.
The Dharavi slum consists mostly of grey, concrete structures.
Residents of Dharavi cover their roofs in blue tarps to protect their homes from monsoons.
The former fishing village is characterized by dirty, narrow alleyways and open sewers — but not all conditions are bad.
The slum's small businesses help feed a burgeoning economy, one that produces around $1 billion a year.
The slum runs up against the Maharashtra Nature Park, a green oasis amid a sea of concrete.
The site was once a garbage dump. Now, it contains 14,000 trees and 300 varieties of plant species.
Across the river is one of the city's wealthiest business districts, the Bandra Kurla.
Though one side is more impoverished than the other, both are home to wealthy institutions.
The stock exchange is surrounded by dilapidated, single-story homes — a metaphorical and physical reminder of the city's inequality.
Miller's photography shows a city in flux, straddling the line between prosperity and decay.
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