India is giving Bengali, Sanskrit names to a lonely exoplanet and its star

(Representative image) HD 86081 b -- a lonely world orbiting around its starASI

  • The Astronomical Society of India is going to give a lonely exoplanet and its star a Bengali or Sanskrit name.
  • Finding a name for the planet is a part of the International Astronomical Union’s (IAU) Name Exoplanets campaign.
  • Voting is currently open to the public and will close on 1 November 2019. The final results will be announced in December.
Exoplanets are planets located outside our solar system. One such lonely planet and the star it orbits is currently in the process of getting a Bengali or Sanskrit name from the Astronomical Society of India ( ASI).

Users in India can vote for their favorite choice. The star HD86081 — which is a lot like Earth’s Sun only hotter, larger and a little older — has one Bengali name and four Sanskrit names in the running.
Sanskrit and Bengali names suggests for star HD 86081ASI


The Jupiter-like exoplanet that orbits the star also has one Bengali option and four Sanskrit names up for voting. The planet is similar to Jupiter because of its massive size and is composed that its composition is made up entirely of gas.

Bengali and Sanskrit names suggested for exoplanet HD86081 bASI

Unlike Jupiter, H86081 b is the only planet circling the parent star. It’s also much closer to the star and much hotter. So hot, in fact, that iron and gold would melt on its surface.

And, since it’s closer, it only takes 2 Earth days for it to finish a complete orbit around the star. This means that one year on H86081 b is only the length of two days on Earth.

Narrowing down the names

Students were invited by the organisation to submit their suggestions as a part of the International Astronomical Union’s (IAU) campaign — NameExoworlds — to name the astronomical objects currently classified as the star HD 86081 and the exoplanet HD86081.

The deadline was extended for 15 August 2019 to 30 August 2019 because the names being sent in were mostly in English or Greek and the ASI was looking for an ‘Indian name’.

From the thousands of entries that came in, five names were shortlisted for each of them. The options were opened to the public for voting on 10 October 2019. Voting will remain open till 1 November 2019, after which the final list of names will be sent to the IAU.

The final results will be announced by the international organisation in December.