There's now a genetic test for women's fertility called Fertilome
And for those interested in seeing how that genetic information could inform their health, the field is starting to expand quickly.
One test in particular, called Fertilome, launched in January after being in the works for eight years. The company behind it, New York-based Celmatix, says it's the first comprehensive test that screens for risk factors associated with female fertility.
Here's how it worksTypically, age is the main factor that doctors consider when thinking about a woman's fertility. The older a woman is, the less likely it is that she'll get pregnant. But age doesn't necessarily tell the whole picture, and could potentially mislead people into thinking they're more fertile than they actually are.
Those other factors, including clinical factors - like a couple's history of conceiving or hormone levels - and now genetics, are what Celmatix wants to take into account. Those genetics could be linked to risk factors for endometriosis, polycystic ovarian syndrome, and primary ovarian insufficiency that can be a precursor to early menopause.
To test for those risk factors, a woman would go to her OB-GYN or a fertility clinic and get prescribed the Fertilome test. After collecting a blood sample, Celmatix will run the test and send the results back to the prescribing doctor. At that point, the woman and doctor could discuss the best next steps - whether that means doing an extra cycle of egg freezing, or trying for another round of IVF based on the results.
Like a cancer genetics test, it's important to keep in mind that just because a person might have a mutation, that doesn't necessarily mean they're going to have a certain condition. Take the BRCA genes for example. The risk of getting breast cancer goes from 7% to an average of 55-65%when you have the BRCA1 or 2 gene mutation, meaning there's still a chance someone with the mutation might not get cancer.
Who could benefit from the test
Celmatix CEO Piraye Yurttas Beim told Business Insider that there are two different situations in which she's hoping the Fertilome test will be useful:
- For couples looking for clarity on why they're having trouble conceiving
- For women who are considering freezing their eggs so they can have a baby when they're ready, an option that's become more popular in recent years
Although the Fertilome test isn't yet integrated into Polaris' algorithm, Beim said that the plan is to one day integrate the two to come up with potential courses of action that take into account a couple's age, history of conceiving, hormone levels, other biological markers in the body, and the woman's genetic risk factors.
Now that the test is available, there are still a few things ahead for Celmatix. Beim is hoping to follow the same path that genetic links to cancer took, where genetics tests became integrated into cancer organization's recommendations for certain populations. The test, which costs $1,900, is also not yet covered by insurance.
Beyond that, Beim said Celmatix is working on research that will push the test beyond the risk factors it currently tests for. For example, the company hopes to learn more about the genetic factors linked to complications that could arise during a woman's pregnancy, such as preeclampsia, a complication that involves high blood pressure and potential organ damage.
"We're not done," Beim said.