This year's flu shot is not as effective against one of the nastiest strains - but you should still get it
- This year's flu vaccine is not very effective at staving off one of the most virulent and common strains: H3N2.
- The shot can still help prevent 40-60% of flu cases and make the virus milder if you do catch it.
- Flu season is off to a strong start in the US: three states are already reporting high flu-like activity.
This year's flu vaccine may not be as effective at protecting people against one of the most common, nasty strains of the flu. But that doesn't mean you should forgo the shot.Advertisement
Dr Michael Osterholm, who directs The Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy at the University of Minnesota, told Business Insider that the vaccine is, at best, around 10% effective on H3N2."Unfortunately, it's the one strain that the vaccine is really underperforming in, in every regard," he said.
That strain caused some of the most severe illnesses and deaths in the Southern Hemisphere during their flu season this year, particularly in older populations. In Australia, the government reported most of the known influenza cases were H3N2, and Australian labs diagnosed more than two and a half times more cases of the flu this year (compared to last.)
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Federal flu forecaster Dave Osthus at the Los Alamos National Laboratory told Business Insider that flu levels are looking a little higher than average for this time of year, but they're still within a normal range. He predicts the peak of flu season will hit sometime between late December and early March 2018.
Why the shot is less effective this year
Labs have updated the part of the vaccine that protects against the H1N1 strain this year.But the reason the 2017 shot isn't preventing as many cases of the H3N2 strain is that while scientists were growing the virus in chicken eggs, that strain mutated. It's not a harmful defect, but it means that the non-live strain of H3N2 influenza in the injection is slightly different than what's actually circulating in the human population.Advertisement
That means our bodies don't have the best possible antibodies to fight off real cases of H3N2. Consequently, the majority of flu cases reported in the US so far this season have been that H3N2 strain.Last week, the head of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases made an urgent plea for better vaccines in the New England Journal of Medicine, saying "longer-term, transformative vaccine approaches are needed to minimize influenza-related morbidity and mortality."Advertisement
Why you should still get vaccinated
Flu vaccination can also come in the form of a live-flu mist, but the CDC is not recommending that anyone get that this year because it's been less effective than the shot in recent years.In addition to lowering your chances of getting the flu, the shot can also make the illness milder if you do catch it. Studies of pregnant women who get the flu shot have also shown it can reduce their newborns' risk of catching the flu by half.Advertisement
Getting your flu shot can also contribute to 'herd immunity' - less cases of the flu overall means more protection for the most vulnerable people in the population: the elderly, children, and individuals with certain allergies who can't get the vaccine.
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